Portrait of Ulysses S. Grant

In the autumn of 1863, Union forces under the command of Major General Ulysses S. Grant (pictured here) broke Confederate General Braxton Bragg’s siege of Chattanooga, Tennessee. [Wikimedia Commons]

Chattanooga Campaign Facts

September 21–November 27, 1863

Key facts about the American Civil War Chattanooga Campaign.

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Date and Location

  • September 21–November 27, 1863
  • Near the city of Chattanooga, Tennessee, and in Northern Georgia

Timeline of the Chattanooga Campaign

These are the main battles and events of the Chattanooga Campaign in order.

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • Military Division of the Mississippi (Army of the Cumberland, Army of the Tennessee)

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Army of Tennessee

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 56,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 44,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 6,000 casualties (killed, wounded, and missing/captured)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 6,600 casualties (killed, wounded, and missing/captured)

Result

  • Union victory

Significance

  • The Chattanooga Campaign was the Union’s attempt to break a Confederate siege of the city of Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • Engagements in the Chattanooga Campaign included the Battle of Lookout Mountain and the Battle of Seminary Ridge.
  • 753 Union soldiers were killed during the Chattanooga Campaign.
  • 361 Confederate soldiers were killed during the Chattanooga Campaign.
  • The Chattanooga Campaign gave the Union uncontested control of Chattanooga, the “Gateway to the Lower South.”
  • After the Chattanooga Campaign, Chattanooga became an important supply center for Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign in 1864.
  • The Chattanooga Campaign was General Ulysses S. Grant’s last campaign in the western theater of the American Civil War.
  • Some historians consider the Army of the Cumberland’s ascent of Missionary Ridge to be one of the American Civil War’s most dramatic events.
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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Chattanooga Campaign Facts
  • Coverage September 21–November 27, 1863
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 29, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 12, 2021
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