Quick Facts About Coercive Acts
The Coercive Acts are also known as the Intolerable Acts and the Restraining Acts
At the urging of King George III, Parliament enacted the Coercive Acts in response to the Boston Tea Party
The intent of the Coercive Acts was to reaffirm British authority over the American colonies.
The Coercive Acts consisted of four new laws, and revised a fifth law.
The Boston Port Act, passed on March 31, 1774, closed the port of Boston, with few exceptions, on June 1, until the East India Tea Company was paid for tea destroyed during the Boston Tea Party.
Massachusetts Government Act (May 20, 1774), revised the governing structure of Massachusetts, consolidating royal authority and severely limiting self-government.
The Administration of Justice Act, passed on May 20, 1774, authorized the governor of Massachusetts to move trials of royal officials accused of committing capital offenses, while performing their official duties, to another colony or to Great Britain, if he believed the accused would not receive a fair trial in Massachusetts.
Quartering Act (June 2, 1774), revised the Quartering Act of 1765 by expanding the types of buildings in which soldiers could be housed and removing the requirement that they be provided with provisions.
The Quebec Act (May 20, 1774) rewarded the loyal colony of Quebec by reestablishing its borders and greatly expanding its size by transferring land in the Ohio Country that had been promised to other colonies.
The Coercive Acts provided further ammunition for a growing radical element in the colonies and prompted the calling of the First Continental Congress on September 5, 1774.