Also Known As
- Confederate Heartland Offensive
- Kentucky Campaign
Date and Location
- August and October 1862
- Kentucky and Tennessee
Timeline of the Confederate Heartland Campaign
These are the main battles and events of the Confederate Heartland Campaign in order.
- August 29–30, 1862 — Battle of Richmond
- September 14–17, 1862 — Battle of Munfordville
- October 8, 1862 — Battle of Perryville
Principal Union Commanders
- Major General Don Carlos Buell
Principal Confederate Commanders
Union Forces Engaged
- Army of the Ohio
Confederate Forces Engaged
- Army of Mississippi
- Army of Kentucky
Number of Union Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 60,000
Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 52,000
Estimated Union Casualties
Estimated Confederate Casualties
- Union victory
Impact of the Confederate Heartland Campaign
- Hoping to end the string of Federal successes in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, Confederate General Braxton Bragg devised a plan shift the focus of the war by invading Kentucky in 1862.
- Confederate General Braxton Bragg believed that the majority of Kentucky residents supported the Confederacy and that many of them would join the Southern Army if he invaded that border state.
- The Confederate Heartland Offensive was initially successful, driving Major General Don Carlos Buell’s Army of the Ohio to Louisville, on the Indiana-Kentucky border.
- On October 4, Confederate General Braxton Bragg participated in the inauguration of Richard Hawes as the provisional Confederate governor of Kentucky.
- Over the objections of Lieutenant General Kirby Smith, Major General Leonidas Polk, and other subordinates, Confederate General Braxton Bragg decided to call of the Confederate Heartland Offensive and evacuate Kentucky in October 1862, leaving the state in Union control for the remainder of the war.
- After the failure of the Confederate Heartland Offensive, Confederate General Braxton Bragg was called to the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia to answer charges brought by his subordinates about how poorly he handled the campaign. Satisfied with Bragg’s explanations, President Jefferson Davis ignored requests to relieve Bragg of his command.
- Buell’s half-hearted pursuit of Bragg as the Confederates withdrew from Kentucky was the source of dissatisfaction on the Union side that led to him losing his command and eventually resigning from the army in 1864.