David Rowland

November, 1714–August 30, 1768

David Rowland was a politician from Connecticut. He was a delegate to the Stamp Act Congress in 1765.

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Early Life

  • Rowland was born in November 1714, in Fairfield, Connecticut.
  • His father was Samuel Rowland, and his mother was Esther Rowland.

Education

  • Rowland graduated from Yale.

Family

  • Rowland was married twice.
  • His first wife was Deborah Sloss. They had one child together.
  • His second wife was Elizabeth Hill. They had one child together.

Political Career

Delegate to the Stamp Act Congress

On March 22, 1765, Parliament passed the Stamp Act, which required a stamp to be placed on all legal documents and many printed materials in the colonies.

In May, news of the new law reached the colonies. There was immediate opposition, including riots in Boston, Massachusetts, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and Savannah, Georgia.

On June 8, 1765, the Massachusetts Assembly sent a circular letter to the legislatures of the other colonies, inviting them to send delegates to a congress in New York to discuss a unified response to the Stamp Act. The precedent for such a meeting had been set by the Albany Congress in 1754.

Nine of the 13 colonies, including Connecticut, chose to send delegates to the meeting, which was held in New York City. Rowland was elected as a delegate from Connecticut, along with William Samuel Johnson and Eliphalet Dyer.

The Stamp Act Congress convened on October 7, 1765. On October 19, the Stamp Act Congress issued a Declaration of Rights and Grievances. Congress sent petitions to the King and both houses of Parliament and asked for the Stamp Act to be repealed.

Rowland voted in favor of the Declaration of Rights and Grievances, however, the delegates from Connecticut were not authorized to sign their names to the petitions that were sent to the King and Parliament.

On November 1, 1765, the Stamp Act took effect, but there were no stamp masters available to distribute the stamps. They had resigned or refused to perform their job due to violence and intimidation against them.

On March 18, 1766, Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, primarily due to protest from British merchants who believed it would damage their prospects of doing business in the colonies. However, on that same day, Parliament passed the Declaratory Act, which declared its ability to levy taxes on the colonies.

Death

  • Rowland died on August 30, 1768, at the age of 53.
  • He was buried at the Old Burying Ground in Fairfield, Connecticut.

Significance

David Rowland is important because he was a delegate to the Stamp Act Congress in 1765.

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title David Rowland
  • Coverage November, 1714–August 30, 1768
  • Author
  • Keywords Stamp Act, Stamp Act Congress
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 4, 2022
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 21, 2022
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