Date and Location
- March 23, 1862
- Near the village of Kernstown, Virginia, about three miles south of Winchester
Principal Union Commanders
- Major General Nathaniel Banks
- Brigadier General James Shields
- Colonel Nathan Kimball
Principal Confederate Commanders
- General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson
- Brigadier General Richard B. Garnett
- Colonel Turner Ashby
Union Forces Engaged
- 5th Army Corps (Army of the Potomac)
Confederate Forces Engaged
- Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia
Number of Union Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 8,500
Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 4,200
Estimated Union Casualties
- 590 (118 killed, 450 wounded, and 22 missing or captured)
Estimated Confederate Casualties
- 718 (80 killed, 375 wounded, and 263 missing or captured)
- Union victory
- The Confederate loss at the First Battle of Kernstown was Stonewall Jackson’s only defeat as commander of a large force during the Civil War.
- After the First Battle of Kernstown General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson arrested Brigadier General Richard B. Garnett for ordering a retreat without Jackson’s authorization.
- After the First Battle of Kernstown, Colonel Nathan Kimball was promoted to brigadier general.
- Despite his defeat at the First Battle of Kernstown, General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson achieved his goal of keeping Major General Nathaniel Banks’s army from supporting Major general George McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign against Richmond.
Timeline of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862
These are the main battles and events of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862 in order.
- March 23, 1862 — First Battle of Kernstown
- May 8, 1862 — Battle of McDowell
- May 15–17, 1862 — Battle of Princeton Court House
- May 23, 1862 — Battle of Front Royal
- May 25, 1862 — First Battle of Winchester
- June 8, 1862 — Battle of Cross Keys
- June 9, 1862 — Battle of Port Republic