Portrait of Peyton Randolph.

Peyton Randolph was the first President of the First Continental Congress.

First Continental Congress Quick Facts

September 5, 1774–October 26, 1774 — American Revolution

Facts About First Continental Congress

The First Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia’s Carpenter’s Hall on September 5, 1774.

Each of the thirteen colonies sent delegates except Georgia.

The Congress originally leaned toward endorsing a plan presented by Pennsylvania’s Joseph Galloway. The Galloway Plan urged the creation of an American parliament to work with the British Parliament in governing the colonies.

Before the Galloway Plan was endorsed, Paul Revere presented the Suffolk Resolves. The Suffolk Resolves, drafted at a meeting in Suffolk County, Massachusetts, was much more radical than the Galloway Plan. It proposed, among other things, establishing a free state of Massachusetts until Parliament repealed the Coercive Acts, boycotting trade with Great Britain, and arming the local militia in Massachusetts.

The Congress chose to support the Suffolk Resolves over the Galloway Plan.

The Congress established a pact called the Continental Association and called for a total cessation of trade with Great Britain to become effective on December 1, 1774 unless Parliament rescinded the Intolerable Acts.

The Congress drafted the Declaration of Rights and Grievances, also known as the Declaration and Resolves of the First Continental Congress, on October 14, 1774. Congress addressed and sent this document to King George instead of Parliament to demonstrate colonial loyalty to the Crown.

Before adjourning, the Congress agreed to meet again in the spring of 1775 if Great Britain had not adequately addressed their complaints.

The First Continental Congress adjourned on October 26, 1774.

British response to the actions of the First Continental Congress made war nearly inevitable. On March 30, 1775, Parliament passed the New England Restraining Act, which prohibited the New England colonies form trading with any country other then Great Britain. The act also New England fishermen access to the waters off Newfoundland and Nova Scotia.

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title First Continental Congress Quick Facts
  • Coverage September 5, 1774–October 26, 1774
  • Author
  • Keywords First Continental Congress, American Revolution
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date April 20, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update February 11, 2021
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