The French and Indian War (1754-1763) was the final military contest between Great Britain and France to determine which country would control most of eastern North America.
The war was part of a worldwide contest for empire between Britain, France, Spain, and other European nations. Most of the North American fighting took place in Canada and in the Ohio Country, west of the Appalachian Mountains, where each side was aided by different Native American tribes.
Despite early French victories, the British ultimately prevailed with the capture of Quebec, Fort Duquesne, Detroit, and Montreal. Negotiations at the Treaty of Paris in 1763 virtually expelled France from eastern North America and left Great Britain in control of a vast empire inhabited by hostile Natives and coveted by American colonists eager for westward expansion — a recipe for disaster.