On January 7, 1862, Major General George B. McClellan issued General Orders, No. 2 creating the Department of North Carolina and naming Brigadier General Ambrose E. Burnside as commander.
General Orders, No. 2
Headq’rs of the Army, Adj’t General’s Office
Washington, January 7, 1862
The State of North Carolina will hereafter constitute a separate military command, known as the department of North Carolina, under the command of Brigadier General Burnside.
By Command of Major General McClellan: