Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys in Council
Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys in Council

Green Mountain Boys

The Green Mountain Boys was a militia group formed by Ethan Allen to keep the New Hampshire Grants from becoming part of New York. During the American Revolution, they captured Fort Ticonderoga.



Present-day Vermont was once known as the New Hampshire Grants. It was called that because New Hampshire had granted the land to settlers. However, New York also claimed ownership of the area and tried to enforce its laws on the residents.

Ethan Allen and others organized the Green Mountain Boys in 1770 to help oppose New York sheriffs who tried to enforce laws. However, they also terrorized settlers who had been purchased grants from New York.

Shortly after the Revolutionary War began, the Green Mountain Boys, led by Allen, and Benedict Arnold, captured Fort Ticonderoga on May 10, 1775. This was the first victory for American forces in the war and provided valuable resources for the American forces. The 59 cannons and mortars from Ticonderoga were taken to Boston by a force led by Henry Knox and used in the Seige of Boston to eventually drive the British out of the city.

The group joined with the Continental Army and participated in the failed invasion of Canada in 1775. Ethan Allen and other members were captured in a failed attempt to take Montreal at the Battle of Montreal on September 25, 1775.

The Green Mountain Boys, under the leadership of Colonel Seth Warner, participated in the Battle of Hubbardton (July 7, 1777) and the Battle of Bennington (August 16, 1777), playing a key role in weakening the forces of General John Burgoyne.

Prominent Members of the Green Mountain Boys

Key Facts About the Green Mountain Boys

  • Founded in 1770 to defend settlers in the New Hampshire Grants.
  • Some members helped capture Fort Ticonderoga and Crown Point in May 1775.
  • Ethan Allen and Seth Warner successfully petitioned the First Continental Congress to include the Green Mountain Boys in the Continental Army.
  • Seth Warner was selected as the leader of the regiment, succeeding Ethan Allen.
  • The Green Mountain Boys participated in the Invasion of Quebec in 1775.
  • Members of the Green Mountain Boys were recognized for wearing a sprig of evergreen in their caps for their field sign.

Significance of the Green Mountain Boys

The Green Mountain Boys were significant because they played a key role in the founding of Vermont and helped capture Fort Ticonderoga at the start of the American Revolutionary War. Later on, they joined the Continental Army under the command of Seth Warner and were referred to as Warner’s Regiment. They participated in important battles that helped the Americans defeat forces led by General John Burgoyne in the late summer of 1777.

Suggested Reading

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Green Mountain Boys
  • Author
  • Keywords Green Mountain Boys
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date January 17, 2022
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update January 4, 2022