Portrait of J. E. B. Stuart

Confederate General James Ewell Brown Stuart (aka Jeb Stuart), one of the greatest cavalry commanders in American history, was killed during the Battle of Chancellorsville. [Wikimedia Commons]

James Ewell Brown Stuart - Facts

February 6, 1833 – May 12, 1864

Key facts about Confederate General James Ewell Brown "JEB" Stuart.

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Full Name:

  • James Ewell Brown Stuart (aka Jeb Stuart)

Birth Date:

  • February 6, 1833

Birth Location:

  • Laurel Hill Farm, his family’s plantation in Patrick County, Virginia

Parents:

  • Archibald and Elizabeth Letcher (Pannill) Stuart

Education:

  • Emory and Henry College, United States Military Academy (1854)

Occupation:

  • Military officer

Career Summary:

  • Captain (USA), Major General (CSA)

Spouse:

  • Flora Cooke (1855)

Nickname:

  • Jeb

Place of Death:

  • Richmond, Virginia

Date of Death:

  • May 12, 1864

Place of Burial:

  • Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia

Significance:

  • J. E. B. Stuart was the eighth of eleven children of Archibald Stuart and Elizabeth Letcher Pannill Stuart.
  • J. E. B. Stuart’s great grandfather, Major Alexander Stuart, was a regimental commander in the Revolutionary War, and his father fought in the War of 1812.
  • As a youngster, J. E. B. Stuart was home-schooled by his mother before being formally educated by tutors in Wytheville and Danville, Virginia.
  • Between 1848 and 1850, J. E. B. Stuart attended Emory and Henry College in Emory, Virginia.
  • In 1850, U.S. Congressman Thomas Hamlet Averett nominated J. E. B. Stuart for an appointment at the United States Military Academy.
  • J. E. B. Stuart graduated thirteenth in his class of 46 at the United States Military Academy in 1854.
  • While attending West Point, J. E. B. Stuart became friends with the academy supervisor, and future Confederate army commander, Robert E. Lee.
  • After graduating from West Point, J. E. B. Stuart was brevetted a second lieutenant and assigned to the Regiment of Mounted Rifles and stationed in Texas, where he campaigned against the Apache Indians.
  • J. E. B. Stuart met and married Flora Cooke, the daughter of Lieutenant Colonel Philip St. George Cooke, on November 14, 1855.
  • J. E. B. Stuart was promoted to first lieutenant on December 20, 1855.
  • J. E. B. Stuart was wounded fighting against Cheyenne Indians in Kansas on July 29, 1857.
  • J. E. B. Stuart served as Colonel Robert E. Lee’s aide-de-camp during the capture of John Brown following the abolitionist’s raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia during October 1859.
  • J. E. B. Stuart was promoted to captain on April 22, 1861.
  • J. E. B. Stuart resigned his commission in the U.S. Army in early May after his home state of Virginia seceded from the Union (April 17, 1861).
  • On May 10, 1861, J. E. B. Stuart was commissioned as a lieutenant colonel of the Virginia Infantry in the Confederate Army and assigned to serve under Colonel Thomas J. Jackson in General Joseph Johnston’s Army of the Shenandoah.
  • On July 4, 1861, Jackson placed J. E. B. Stuart in command of the 1st Virginia Cavalry, comprising all cavalry companies of Johnston’s Army of the Shenandoah.
  • J. E. B. Stuart was promoted to colonel on July 16, 1861.
  • J. E. B. Stuart played a prominent role in enabling Johnston’s Army of the Shenandoah to move from the Shenandoah Valley to the vicinity of Manassas in time to reinforce General P. G. T. Beauregard’s Army of the Potomac at the First Battle of Bull Run (July 21, 1861).
  • J. E. B. Stuart was promoted to brigadier general on September 24, 1861.
  • On June 12, 1862, J. E. B. Stuart began his famous “Ride around McClellan,” making him nearly as popular as Stonewall Jackson in the eyes of adoring Southerners.
  • On July 25, 1862, J. E. B. Stuart was promoted to major general and his command was upgraded to a cavalry division.
  • As a division commander, J. E. B. Stuart participated in the battles of Second Bull Run (August 28, 1862 – August 30, 1862), Antietam (September 17, 1862), Fredericksburg (December 11–15, 1862), and Chancellorsville (April 30 to May 6, 1863).
  • During the Battle of Chancellorsville, J. E. B. Stuart assumed temporary command of Stonewall Jackson’s corps after Jackson was mortally wounded.
  • On June 9, 1863, J. E. B. Stuart commanded the Confederate cavalry at the Battle of Brandy Station, the largest predominantly cavalry engagement of the Civil War.
  • Despite his many successes, J. E. B. Stuart’s reputation was seriously blemished by his failure to advance on Gettysburg in time to be a factor during the first day of that pivotal engagement (July 1-3, 1863).
  • Some historians have made J. E. B. Stuart a scapegoat for the Confederate loss at Gettysburg.
  • General Robert E. Lee promoted J. E. B. Stuart to the position of corps commander on September 9, 1863.
  • J.E.B. Stuart was instrumental in delaying Ulysses S. Grant’s advance toward Richmond during the Battle of the Wilderness (May 5 – 7, 1864) and the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House (May 8 – 21, 1864).
  • On May 11, 1864, during the Battle of Yellow Tavern, Union private, John A. Huff, mortally wounded J. E. B. Stuart with his .44 caliber revolver. Stuart died the next day, May 12, 1864.
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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title James Ewell Brown Stuart - Facts
  • Coverage February 6, 1833 – May 12, 1864
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 27, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update April 29, 2021
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