Black and white photo of Lewis A. Armistead

Lewis A. Armistead was wounded during the Battle of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863, at the High Water Mark of the Confederacy on Cemetery Ridge. Armistead died from his wounds two days later.

Lewis Armistead

February 18, 1817–July 5, 1863 — Confederate General, Civil War

Lewis Addison Armistead was a Confederate general during the American Civil War. He was mortally wounded during Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg.


Early Life

Lewis Addison Armistead was born on February 18, 1817, in New Bern, North Carolina. His parents were Walker Keith Armistead and Elizabeth Stanly Armistead. Armistead’s father and his father’s five brothers served in the War of 1812. His uncle, George, commanded Fort McHenry during the British attack that inspired The Star-Spangled Banner during the War of 1812. Armistead entered the United States Military Academy in 1833 but resigned in 1835 due to academic deficiencies and poor conduct. Following an incident in which he broke a plate over the head of fellow-cadet Jubal Early. Although Armistead did not graduate from West Point, his father obtained a second lieutenant’s commission in the United States Army for his son on July 10, 1839.

Mexican-American War

Armistead served in the Mexican-American War (April 25, 1846 – February 2, 1848), during which he received two brevet promotions for valor and was wounded at the Battle of Chapultepec (September 1847). Between the Mexican-American War (April 25, 1846 – February 2, 1848) and the onset of the American Civil War, Armistead served at many posts in the American West.

Civil War

When the American Civil War began, Armistead resigned his commission on May 26, 1861, left his post in San Diego, California and joined the Confederate Army. Southern officials commissioned Armistead in Confederate Army as a major on September 15, 1861, and quickly promoted to the rank of colonel on September 23, 1861. Six months later, on April 1, 1862, Armistead achieved the rank of brigadier general.

Armistead served with Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia at the Battle of Seven Pines (May 31 – June 1, 1862), the Seven Days Battles (June 25 – July 1, 1862), the Second Battle of Bull Run (August 28 – 30, 1862), the Battle of Antietam (September 17, 1862), and the Battle of Fredericksburg (December 11 – 15, 1862).

Death at Gettysburg

During the Battle of Gettysburg, Federal soldiers shot Armistead three times while leading his brigade during Pickett’s Charge on July 3, 1863. During the charge, Armistead’s brigade got further than any Confederate troops, reaching their objective before being driven back by a Union counterattack. Some historians refer to Armistead’s advance as the High Water Mark of the Confederacy. Although doctors did not believe Armistead’s Gettysburg wounds to be serious at first, he died in a Union field hospital two days later, on July 5, 1863.

Armistead’s gravesite is in Old Saint Paul’s Cemetery, in Baltimore, Maryland.


Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Lewis Armistead
  • Coverage February 18, 1817–July 5, 1863
  • Author
  • Keywords Lewis Addison Armistead
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 27, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update April 28, 2021
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