Lexington and Concord — Deposition of Timothy Minot, Jr.

April 23, 1775

In the aftermath of the Battles of Lexington and Concord, the Massachusetts Provincial Congress ordered depositions to be taken from eyewitnesses. The Congress was trying to prove the British fired first at Lexington. Deposition #16 was given by Timothy Minot, Jr., who testified the British fired first at the Battle of Concord.

Lexington and Concord, Depositions

The Battle of Lexington by William Barnes Wollen (1910). Image Source: Wikimedia.

Deposition No. 16

Please note that section headings and spacing have been added to make the text easier to scan and comprehend.

Testimony of Timothy Minot Jr. About the Battle of Concord

Concord, April 23, 1775

I Timothy Minot, Jr. of Concord, on the ninteenth day of this Instant april after that I had heard of the regular troops firing upon Lexington men and fearing that hostillities might be Committed at Concord. 

Thought in my incumbent Duty to Secure my family. 

After I had Secured my family Sometime after that returning towards my own Dwelling & finding that the bridge on the Northern part of said Concord were guarded by regular troops being a Spectator of what had hapened at said bridge declare that the regular troops stationed on bridge after they saw the men that were collected on the westerly s’d of said Bridge marched towards said bridge then the Troops returned towards the easterly side of said bridge and formed themselves as I thought for regular fight after that they fired one gun then two or three more — before the men that were stationed on the westerly part of said bridge fired upon them

Timothy Minot Junr.

Witnesses to the Testimony

Middlesex, April 23, 1775

Dr. Timothy Minot Junr. personally appeared and after due caution to testify the truth and nothing but the Truth made solemn oath to the Truth of the above Deposition by him Inscribed Before us —

Wm Reed
Jon Hastings
John Cuming
Duncan Ingraham

{ Justices of Peace

Certification of the Testimony

Province of the Massachusets Bay, Charlestown

I Nathaniel Gorham Notary and Tabellion public duly admitted and Sworn. I certify all whom it doth or may concern that William Reed Jonathan Hastings John Cumming and Duncan Ingraham are four of his majestys Justices for the County of Middlesex and that full faith and credit is to be given to these transactions as such

In Witness whereof I have hereunto affix’d my Name and Seal this twenty sixth of April One Thousand Seven hundred and Seventy five

Nathaniel Gorham, Noty Publc

Interesting Facts About the Deposition of Timothy Minot, Jr.

  • Joseph Warren of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress wanted the depositions gathered as quickly as possible, so he could send them to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia, and Benjamin Franklin in London.
  • Franklin was the Agent for Massachusetts and acted as its representative. Warren wanted Franklin to have eyewitness accounts that could be used to help gain sympathy for the Patriot Cause.
  • Timothy Minot Jr. was a resident of Concord.
  • When Minot heard about the Battle of Lexington, he took his family away from Concord for safety.
  • Minot returned to the town and witnessed the fight at the North Bridge.
  • He testified the British were on the Concord side of the bridge, and fired on the militia, starting the Battle of Concord.
  • The militia returned fire from the other side of the bridge.
  • The notary public, Nathaniel Gorham, went on to serve as the 8th President of the Continental Congress (June 6, 1786–February 2, 1787).

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations, including APA Style, Chicago Style, and MLA Style.

  • Article Title Lexington and Concord — Deposition of Timothy Minot, Jr.
  • Date April 23, 1775
  • Author
  • Keywords Battles of Lexington and Concord, Deposition No. 16, Timothy Minot Jr.
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date April 18, 2024
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 12, 2024