Lexington and Concord — Deposition of Timothy Smith

April 25, 1775

In the aftermath of the Battles of Lexington and Concord, the Massachusetts Provincial Congress ordered depositions to be taken from eyewitnesses. The Congress was trying to prove the British fired first at Lexington. Deposition #9 was given by Timothy Smith, who testified the British fired first at the Battle of Lexington.

Lexington and Concord, Depositions

The Battle of Lexington by William Barnes Wollen (1910). Image Source: Wikimedia.

Deposition No. 9

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Testimony of Timothy Smith About the Battle of Lexington

I Timothy Smith of Lexington in the County of Middlesex and Colony of Massachusetts Bay in New England being of lawful age, do testify & declare that on the morning of the nineteenth of April instant being at Lexington common as a spectator I saw a large body of regular troops marching up towards the Lexington company then dispersing, & likewise saw the regular troops fire on the Lexington company before the latter fired a gun; 

I immediately ran, & a volley was discharged at me, which put me in imminent danger of loosing my life. 

I soon returned to the Common, & Saw eight of the Lexington-men who were killed & lay bleeding at a considerabele distance from each other; and several were wounded, I further saith not.

Timothy Smith

Lexington April 25th, 1775

Witnesses to the Testimony

Middlesex, April 25th, 1775

Timothy Smith above mentioned named being duly cautione[d] to testify the truth made solemn oath to the truth of the above deposti by him subscribed


William Reed
Josiah Johnson 
William Stickney

{ Justices of the Peace

Certification of the Testimony

Province of Massachusetts Bay, Charlestown

I Nathaniel Gorham notary & Tabellion public, by lawful authority duly admitted & sworn hereby certify all whom it doth or may concern that William Reed, Josiah Johnson, & Wm. Stickney Esqrs. are three of his Majesty’s Justices for the County of Middlesex & that full and credit is top be given to their transactions as such; In Witness whereof I have hereunto affixed my name& seal this twenty sixth of April one thousand seven hundred & seventy five 

Nathaniel Gorham, Noty Pubk 

the foregoing instruments are true copies as in Witness whereof I hereunto set my name & seal

Interesting Facts About the Deposition of Timothy Smith

Citation Information

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  • Article Title Lexington and Concord — Deposition of Timothy Smith
  • Date April 25, 1775
  • Author
  • Keywords Battles of Lexington and Concord, Deposition No. 9, Timothy Smith, Battle of Lexington eyewitness
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date April 18, 2024
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 12, 2024