Dedham and the Battles of Lexington and Concord

April 18–19, 1775

Dedham, Massachusetts was one of the towns that mobilized its militia forces in response to the Lexington Alarm. The Dedham Militia and Minutemen responded to the Lexington Alarm and engaged the British during the Battle of Menotomy.

Lexington and Concord, 1775, Dedham Militia

The Minuteman statue at Concord. Image Source: National Park Service.

Dedham Militia and the Battles of Lexington and Concord

The following account of the Dedham Militia and their role in the Battles of Lexington and Concord is taken from A History of Dedham, Massachusetts, written by Frank Smith and published in 1936.

Please note that we have made minor text corrections and edits to the text, but have not changed the meaning. Spacing, section headings, and notes have been added to help readers scan and understand the text.

Facts About Dedham and the Battles of Lexington and Concord

  1. Dedham is almost directly south of Arlington, Massachusetts. It is roughly 14 miles by foot from Dedham to Arlington, where the Battle of Menotomy took place.
  2. Dedham voted to raise a Minuteman Company on March 6, 1775.
  3. The Lexington Alarm arrived in Dedham around 9:00 a.m. The messenger came from Needham, but the name is unknown.
  4. Six Militia Companies from Dedham gathered and marched toward Concord. Two more followed later in the day.
  5. The militia captains were Ebenezer Battle, William Bullard, Daniel Draper, William Ellis, David Fairbanks, Aaron Fuller, George Gould, and Joseph Guild.
  6. All eight companies entered the fight during the Battle of Menotomy.
  7. A group of veterans from the French and Indian War gathered at the church and prepared to follow the militia companies. This group was led by Hezekiah Fuller and Nathaniel Sumner.
  8. Reverend Gordon of Roxbury said a prayer before this last group marched out of Dedham.
  9. Approximately 230 men from Dedham engaged the British during the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
  10. The day after the Battles of Lexington and Concord, General William Heath sent Captain Ebenezer Battle and his command to bury the bodies of the dead.
Battle of Lexington, 1775, Doolittle, Plate 1 Detail, NYPL
This engraving by Amos Doolittle was made in 1775 and depicts the Battle of Lexington. Image Source: New York Public Library Digital Collections.

Dedham and Events Leading to the Lexington Alarm and the Battles of Lexington and Concord

Dedham’s Resistance to British Policies

In the American Revolution, and in the steps which led up to it, Dedham had a proud part. When an effort was made to recall the charter, it was opposed by Captain Daniel Fisher of Dedham, who was then speaker of the House of the General Court. 

AHC Note — The “House of the General Court” refers to the lower house of the Massachusetts legislature. Historically, it is also referred to as the Massachusetts General Court, Massachusetts General Assembly, or simply as the Massachusetts Assembly.

Dominion of New England and Edmund Andros

In 1681, Randolph, the agent of King James in the Colony, exhibited statements of misdemeanor against a faction of the General Court, to the Lords in Council. Among those selected to be the victims of royal indignation was Captain Fisher of Dedham of whom Randolph wrote to the Earl of Clarendon, that a warrant had been sent to carry him and three others, to England to answer for high crime and misdemeanor. 

It was at this time, 1686–1689 that Sir Edmund Andros was exercising his tyranny as Governor. He declared the title to lands to have become void by the dissolution of the charter and exacted heavy sums for repurchase.

Edmund Andros, Portrait
Sir Edmund Andros was the controversial Governor of the Dominion of New England. Image Source: Wikipedia.

AHC Note — In 1686, King James II of England, the Privy Council, and the Lords of Trade decided to merge the colonies in New England together under a single government. Under the new arrangement, the colonies were known as the “Dominion of New England.” Edmund Andros was the second Governor of the Dominion.

Boston Revolt of 1689

On the morning of April 18, 1689, the town of Boston was in arms. The Governor and Council were seized and confined and the old magistrates reinstated. Worthington describes the scene. When Sir Edmund was captured on Fort Hill, he surrendered and went unarmed to Mr. Usher’s house, where he remained under guard for some hours. 

When the news of this event reached Dedham, Captain Daniel Fisher, the son of the Patriot, a stout, strong man possessing his father’s hatred for the tyrant, and his resolute spirit, instantly set out for Boston, and came the country folks, who were at such a rage and heat as to make all tremble. 

Nothing would satisfy the country party binding the Governor with cords and carrying him to a more safe place. Soon was Captain Fisher seen among the crowd, leading the pale and trembling Sir Edmund by the collar of his coat back to Fort Hill He thus had the honor of leading the proud representative of a Stuart prince through the assembled crowd, to place him in safety.

AHC Note — The Boston Revolt took place in the wake of the Glorious Revolution. After King James II was forced to flee England, he was replaced on the throne by King William III and Queen Mary II, and the English Bill of Rights and the Act of Toleration were passed. When the news reached Boston, the people arrested Andros and threw him in prison, effectively ending the Dominion of New England.

Boston Revolt of 1689, Arrest of Andros, Illustration
This illustration depicts the arrest of Edmund Andros. Image Source: Pioneers in the Settlement of America, Vol. 1, by William A. Crafts.

Town Meetings

During the ten years preceding the Revolution, town meetings were frequently held throughout Massachusetts in which the inhabitants entered into the discussion of questions of state with great earnestness. Dedham was no exception in this regard.

Stamp Act (1765)

The Stamp Act, the first of the oppressive parliamentary measures, was passed on March 22, 1765. The news of its passage fired the hearts of the people of Boston and vicinity with intense indignation. It was the subject of frequent town meetings, the Stamp Commission was forced to resign. 

ACH Note — For more information, see Stamp Act (1765), Stamp Act Facts, and Stamp Act Congress.

The act was to take effect November 1, 1765. That day in Boston was ushered in by the tolling of bells and the display at half-mast of the flags of vessels in port; the English ministry were hung in effigy; business was practically suspended; the Courts were compelled to proceed without stamped paper as the act required because none was permitted to be sold; and all the officers of the Province obliged to disregard the requirements of the act.

Stamp Act in Boston, Illustration
This illustration depicts colonists in Boston reading the Stamp Act. Image Source: New York Public Library Digital Collections.

Pitt’s Opposition to the Stamp Act

Foremost among the friends of America in the English Parliament was William Pitt who maintained that “America being neither really nor actually represented in Westminster cannot be held legally or constitutionally or reasonably subject to obedience to any money bill of the Kingdom.” 

Stamp Act Repeal

The Stamp Act was repealed on the 16th of the following May. The repeal was hailed with the greatest demonstrations of joy. May 19th was set apart for the greatest rejoicing, the booming of cannons, the ringing of bells, the decoration of houses and steeples with flags and streamers. In the evening there was an illumination of houses and a display of fireworks on Boston Common.

After hearing of the repeal the Sons of Liberty in Dedham and vicinity decided as early as May 21st, to erect a monument to William Pitt in gratitude for his service in the repeal of the Stamp Act. The Monument was erected in the presence of a large concourse of people on July 22nd. A public Thanksgiving for the repeal of the Stamp Act was observed in Dedham on July 24th.

William Pitt and the Dedham Pillar of Liberty

The Pillar of Liberty, erected by the Sons of Liberty, was a wooden column about ten or twelve feet high which rested on the stone as a pedestal. Later, by vote of the Sons of Liberty, it was surmounted by a bust of William Pitt. All that is now left of this anti-Revolutionary monument is the stone base on the Church Green. This monumental stone may well have been taken from the estate of Ebenezer Battle, a prominent member of the Sons of Liberty, on whose farm, on Westfield Street, like boulders are still found. The events which led up to the erection of monuments preceded by a few years the Revolutionary War.

Instructions to Samuel Dexter Regarding the Stamp Act

On October 21, 1765, a town meeting was called to which all the articles in the warrant related to public affairs of the country. At this meeting, a committee was chosen to prepare instructions to be given its representative, Samuel Dexter, Esquire. The committee presented the following draft which the town accepted:

“To Samuel Dexter, Esq.

Sir — The Freeholders and other inhabitants of the town of Dedham, greatly alarmed at the late burdens which the Parliament of Great Britain has laid upon the Colonies, particularly at the Tax imposed upon us by the Stamp Act, so-called, and being desirous by all regular and legal methods to do what lies in our power, to prevent the difficulties in which we shall be involved by the operation of the said Act, if the same should take place in this province, do now instruct you that while you appear at and represent this Town in the Great and General Court, you do by no means, join in any public measures for countenancing and assisting in the execution of the said Act. 

It being the sense of the town that our rights as British Subjects, which are founded in those that are common to all mankind, are by this Act greatly infringed upon, and that our invaluable Charter Rights are also thereby in a great measure violated, and not being sensible that this Province has by any disloyal or unworthy conduct, forfeited the privileges it enjoyed, we do therefore, in justice to ourselves the privileges and posterity, direct you that you be not wanting in your endeavor in the General Assembly, to have these rights in direct terms asserted and vindicated; which being left on record will lie a testimony for us in future generations, that we did not tamely acquiesce in the loss of our liberty. 

To do this we think it our duty and we desire thus in the way of our duty, to trust in the good providence of God, which often has, and we hope will again appear for our relief, however dark the prospect may appear.”

Opposition to the Townshend Acts

At a meeting of the Town held in November 1767, the following vote was passed: 

“Voted — that this Town will strictly adhere to the new regulations respecting funerals. That no gloves shall be used on such occasions, but such as are manufactured in this Province — that no articles of mourning shall be purchased except a weed and black gloves for men and a black bonnet without gauze on it, a black handkerchief, ribband, fan, and gloves for women.”

AHC Note — Many towns in Massachusetts showed their opposition to the Townshend Acts by refusing to purchase items imported from Great Britain. In this case, Dedham restricted items for funerals.

Charles Townshend, Portrait, Reynolds
Charles Townshend. Image Source: Wikipedia.

Massachusetts Convention of Towns

Richard Woodward and Nathaniel Sumner were chosen delegates to attend a convention in Faneuil Hall to consider the critical state of public officers.

AHC Note — The Massachusetts Convention of Towns was held after it was announced that British troops were going to occupy Boston. The troops arrived in late September 1768.

Non-Importation Agreement and a Ban on Tea

At a general meeting of the inhabitants of Dedman assembled in the meeting house in the First Parish on March 5, 1770, the following motion was presented:

“The Town, taking into serious consideration the great distress to which the people are reduced by means of the oppressive Revenue Acts, and the troops sent to enforce obedience to the same, and being desirous of contributing all in their power to restore and preserve their liberties, according to the laudable example of many other towns in this Province, and being deeply sensible that the patriotic resolutions of the merchants and traders not to import goods and merchandise from Great Britain, ought to be seconded by such as have usually been purchasers of such goods and merchandise.

Voted…that as the duty on tea furnishes so large a sum towards ye maintenance and support of an almost innumerable multitude who live upon the fruits of the honest industry of the inhabitants, from the odious Commissioners of the Customs down to the dirty informers that are employed by them, therefore we will not make use of any foreign tea, nor allow the consumption of it in our respective families, till such time as the Duty being first taken off, this town shall by some future vote, grant an indulgence to such persons to drink tea, as have not virtue enough to leave off the use forever.

Voted that Messrs. Sam’l. Damon, Richard Woodward, George Talbot, Eliphalet Baker, and Deacon Ralph Day be a committee to see that the foregoing votes be complied with.”

AHC Notes — Dedham agreed to support the Boston Non-Importation Agreement and extended its protest of the Townshend Acts with a ban on the consumption of tea.

Tea Act (1773)

A meeting was called at the request of the inhabitants on June 4, 1773, to take into consideration the violations and infringements of the rights of the people in this Province particularly with respect to the independency of the Judges of the Superior Court.

AHC Note — In June 1772, Massachusetts Governor Thomas Hutchinson announced his salary would be funded from tea tax revenues rather than from funds raised by the Massachusetts General Court. Similar provisions were also applied to Superior Court judges. This increased independence of the executive and judiciary from the legislature was seen by many Americans as a threat to self-rule.

Dedham’s Tea Act Resolutions

A letter was read from the town of Boston containing their vote and proceedings of the 20th of November last after which the Town passed the following votes:

“Voted — that in the opinion of this town, the invaluable rights of the Colonies and of this Province in particular, have of late been greatly infringed upon by the Parent Country, and that the infringement and violations of these rights threaten this province and continent with certain and inevitable destruction.

Voted — that our Representative in the general assembly be, and he hereby is instructed, to exert himself to the utmost that the public grievances which are now become so many, may be redrest and our rights and liberties fully restored to us, and that if he, upon examination shall find, that the salaries granted by the general assembly to the Judges of the Superior Court are insufficient, that he in said Court use his influence that an adequate sum be granted to them.

Resolved, That this town will at all times heartily join with any other town in this province, in such measures as might be proper, salutary and effectual for the redress of our grievances and the establishing our Charter rights and privileges

Voted — that this town do highly approve of the proceedings of the numerous assemblies of the people of Boston, and the neighboring towns convened at once and again of late at the Old South meeting house in said Boston, to consider and determine what was proper to be done, to prevent the landing of the teas shipped hither by the East India Company, and the consequent payment of the unconstitutional tax of three pence sterling a pound laid thereon by the British Parliament.

Voted — that as so many political evils have been brought about by an unreasonable liking to the use of tea, and as we are convinced that it is baneful to the human constitution, we will do all in our power to prevent the use of it in time to come; and if any shall refuse to comply, at least till such time as the Act imposing a Duty thereon shall be repealed, we shall consider them as unfriendly to the liberties of the people, as well. as giving a flagrant proof of their own stupidity under a most grievous oppression.”

AHC Note — Dedham agreed with Boston and other towns that the tea ships should not be allowed to unload their tea.

Committee of Correspondence

It was moved and seconded that as this Town did, at their meeting held on the 4th day of January last, resolve that they would “at all times hereafter join with any Town in this Province in such measures as might be proper, salutary and effectual for the redress of our grievance and the establishing our charter rights and liberties” but did not, at that time, choose a committee to correspond with the several towns as occasion might, that such a committee be now chosen.

They then chose Doctor Willliam Avery, Mr. Richard Woodward, Nathaniel Sumner Esquire, Captain Daniel Gay, and Deacon Ralph Day, a committee for that purpose.

AHC Note — See Committees of Correspondence.

Suffolk County Convention

It was moved and seconded and thereupon voted; that: “as the Town have several times received very respectful letters from the town of Boston communicating such intelligence and proposing such measures as tended to promote the interest of the public, that the Committee of Correspondence prepare a letter to said town to be sent to their Committee of Correspondence and report the same to this town.”

The warrant for a town meeting to be held September 1st, 1774, contained the following preamble:

“Whereas a number of gentlemen from and belonging to the several towns and districts in the County of Suffolk, assembled at Stoughton on Monday the 16th instant have earnestly and unanimously recommended to the said towns and districts to appoint members to attend at a County Convention at the house of Mr. Richard Woodward in this town on Tuesday the 6th day of September next at 10 o’clock in the forenoon, to deliberate and determine upon all such matters as the distressed circumstances of this province may require.”

AHC Note — After the implementation of the Massachusetts Government Act, the second Intolerable Act, Town Meetings were suspended. However, county meetings were allowed. The counties in Massachusetts held conventions to protest the Intolerable Acts.

At the town meeting held under the above call, it was:

“Voted — that this town look upon it to be their indispensable duty to do everything in their power, in a peaceable and orderly way to prevent the operation of the Acts of Parliament lately passed, so destructive of the rights, liberties and privileges of this people, and that with this view, they will immediately proceed to the choice of persons to meet in a convention for this County on the sixth day of September next.”

The town then made choice of Dr. William Avery, Mr. Richard Woodward, Nathaniel Sumner Esquire, Captain Daniel Gay, and Deacon Ralph Day to meet at the convention aforesaid.

AHC Note — On the same day Dedham voted to send delegates to the Suffolk County Convention, the Powder Alarm took place, which set in motion the sequence of events that led to the Battles of Lexington and Concord.

Suffolk County Convention Meets at Woodward’s Tavern in Dedman

The convention of delegates, from every town and district of Suffolk County, which met at Woodward’s Tavern in Dedham on September 6, 1774, and appointed a committee of which Dr. Joseph Warren was chairman, made the first declaration of armed resistance to Great Britain. 

Joseph Warren, Portrait, Copley
Joseph Warren. Image Source: National Portrait Gallery.

This committee reported the celebrated Suffolk Resolves that were adopted by the Convention at an adjourned meeting held in Milton three days later.

Three towns. Stoughton, Dedham, and Milton share the honor in the birthright of American Liberty. 

  • At the Doty Tavern in old Stoughton, the first formal meeting was held on August 16, 1774. 
  • The Second meeting was held at the Woodward Tavern in Dedham “to complete their business, and…
  • the third meeting at Vose’s Tavern in Milton when the “Suffolk Resolves” were unanimously adopted on September 9, 1774.

AHC Note — See Suffolk Resolves for the full text.

Paul Revere was selected as the messenger to carry the Resolves to the Continental Congress then in session in Philadelphia. The resolves so inspired the Congress that it passed, on September 17, 1774, the “Declaration of Rights.”

AHC Note — See First Continental Congress.

Dedham Refuses to Supply British Troops in Boston

The resolves of the convention held in Boston, not to supply the British troops with any articles, except provisions, were unanimously approved by the town on September 1, 1774. Authority was given on January 2, 1775, to issue certificates to teamsters conveying to Boston such articles as are prohibited to be supplied to the troops. Such certificates were required to be produced and delivered to one or more of the Committee of Correspondence in Boston.

Delegates to the Massachusetts Provincial Congress

Samuel Dexter and Abner Ellis were chosen delegates on January 2, 1775, to attend the Provincial Congress at Cambridge. At that time a subscription was raised for relieving the distressed poor of Boston now cruelly suppressed in the cause of America. 

Continental Association and Committee of Inspection

At a Town meeting held December 5, 1774, it was:

“Voted — that this town do solemnly engage to conform to all the Resolves and Recommendations of the Continental Congress, and that we will do everything in our power to carry this Association Agreement in complete execution.

Voted — that (twelve persons being named) be a Committee of Inspection, who are carefully to endeavor to find out whether any of the Inhabitants of the Town presume to violate the foregoing engagement, and if any should discover themselves to be so utterly void of love to their country as in any article to act contrary thereto, the committee are to post up their names in some public place in each parish as enemies to the welfare of America. And that any seven of said Committee be a quorum who sign such notifications.”

AHC Note — See Articles of Association and Continental Association.

Dedham Minutemen

At a Town meeting held on March 6, 1775, it was voted to raise 60 Minute Men from the several parishes of the town who were to be paid for three half days in the week for one month and one-half day in each week for two months, reckoning four hours in each half day. These men were to inform themselves as the records say “in military art.” Sixty pounds was appropriated to meet this expense.

May 29, 1775, it was voted to raise one hundred and twenty additional minute men in the several parishes to stand ready to march on an alarm in defense of their country; the pay to be four shillings a day. 

At the same meeting, the great gun of King Philip’s day was ordered “to be swung” and Ebenezer Bracket was appointed to take charge of it in the daytime and a guard was detailed to protect it at night.

Lexington Alarm

The morning of April 19, 1775, was a bright crisp morning. Cherry trees were in blossom, grass waved in the fields and farmers were busy plowing or sowing grain. Soon after 9 o’clock, a messenger arrived from Needham (whose name is unknown) announcing that the British troops had marched on Concord. 

AHC Note — See Battle of Lexington and Battle of Concord.

Dedham Militia Respond

Six companies of the militia were soon mustered in the several parishes of the town. As soon as enough men were assembled to form a platoon they marched to the scene of action, followed by squads of men as they came in from the remote parts of the town. 

Prayer of Reverend Gordon

In addition to the regular companies the gray-haired veterans of the French Wars resolved to follow their sons to the battle. Assembled on the Church green, under the lead of Hezekiah Fuller and Nathaniel Sumner, they met the Reverend Mr. Gordon of Roxbury who had just arrived in town. 

Standing on the steps of the meeting house Mr. Gordon offered prayer before they marched away. Well may we say in the words of Haven’s Centennial address, “that the town was left almost literally without a male inhabitant below the age of 70 and older than the age of 16 on that day.” 

Concord Fight, 1775, British Leave Concord, NYPL
This illustration depicts the British leaving Concord, with the Massachusetts Militia in pursuit. Image Source: New York Public Library Digital Collections.

Battle of Menotomy

Of the more than three hundred men who marched from Dedham on April 19th, they met for the most part the enemy on their retreat at Cambridge and: “gave them ball for ball from behind each fence and farm-yard wall.” 

Elias Haven, the only Dedham man shot down that day, was killed in that part of Cambridge which is now Arlington and his dust lies beneath the monument there erected in memory of the fallen dead.

AHC Note — The fighting in Cambridge is known as the Battle of Menotomy.

Retrieving Casualties from the Battles of Lexington and Concord

There was great excitement in Dedham from this time on. On the morning of April 20th, 1775, General William Heath ordered Captain Ebenezer (John) Battle of Dedham, with his company of militia, to pass over the ground which had been the scene of action the preceding day, and bury such of the slain as he should find unburied. 

Siege of Boston

As the alarm spread Minute Men from more distant parts marched through the town. After a few days, however, the excitement died down, and being in great need of food and ammunition, many of the Minutemen returned to their homes, and in going south many passed through Dedham.

AHC Note — See Siege of Boston.

Battle of Bunker Hill

The Battle of Bunker Hill is of great interest to Dedham as seventeen residents of the Springfield Parish took part in the battle under Captain Daniel Whiting as follows:

  • Hezekiah Battle 
  • Samuel Chickering 
  • Nathan Cook 
  • Luke Dean 
  • Joseph Draper
  • Moses Draper 
  • Daniel Fuller 
  • James Gay 
  • Ebenezer Gay 
  • Lemuel Herring
  • Peletiah Herring 
  • Jesse Knapp 
  • Thomas Morse 
  • Josiah Richards 
  • Joseph Smith 
  • Samuel Wilson
  • Aaron Whiting

Robert Steele Plays Yankee Doodle

It is said that Robert Steele of Dedman, enrolled as a drummer on June 6, 1775, in Doolittle’s Regiment, Capital Abel Wilder’s Company, with Parker of Cambridge as fifter. They played Yankee Doodle on the fortification at Breed’s Hill on the morning of June 17, 1775.

Daniel Fuller, Brewer’s Regiment, and Bunker Hill Casualties

Daniel Fuller, a lad of fifteen years, was a drummer boy; and tradition has it that he was in the battle in Captain Whiting’s Company. Captain Whiting’s company was a part of Colonel Jonathan Brewer’s regiment and is known to have taken part in the battle. Brewer’s regiment was placed, says Frothingham in his “Siege of Boston,” on the diagonal line between the breastwork and rail fence. Seven men of the regiment were killed and eleven men were wounded.

Nathan Hale in Dedham

On September 25th, Nathan Hale, the young patriot who died regretting that he had but one life to give his country arrived in Dedham at 7 o’clock in the evening at the head of a New London Company and stopped in Dedham overnight.

Evacuation Day

After the evacuation of Boston in March 1776, the Continental Army was released for service outside of New England. 

George Washington in Dedham

Dr. Ames wrote in his diary on April 1, 1776. “Soldiers return home and Continental Troops march every day to the southward.” 5th of April he wrote, “General Washington lodged in town.”

French Troops in Dedham

In June 1781, additional French troops arrived in Boston and marched through Dedham to join their countrymen who had marched from Newport to Providence, in the long march for the Yorktown campaign which virtually ended the war. 

Dedham Supports Independence

When on May 27, 1776, it was put to vote, to see if it be the mind of the town ‘‘if the Honorable Congress shall for the safety of colonies declare their independence of the Kingdom of Great Britain they the said inhabitants will solemnly engage with their lives and fortunes to support them in this measure.” This vote was unanimously passed in the affirmative Thus the town of Dedham voted to support the American Revolution.

In connection with the Revolution, we need to appreciate the spirit of “76” and of the seven years of war for American independence. Had it not been for the almost miraculous devotion to independence of the brave men and women of those seven years there would be no American Republic and without the example of this government there would not be today a republic on the Globe. “We should glorify the unparalleled heroism, marvelous intelligence, and sublime wisdom of those who won the war at made possible the greatest nation of the world today. Out of a population of less than two thousand, six hundred and seventy-eight Dedham men, whose names are recorded, took part in the Revolution.

Dedham Adopts the Articles of Confederation

In January 1778, the Articles of Confederation of the colonies were adopted by the town. 

Massachusetts Constitution

Dedham instructed her representative in the General Court in 1779 to vote in favor of calling a state convention for the purpose of forming a state constitution. 

The convention was called and on July 29, 1779, the Reverend Jason Haven and Dr. John Sprague were chosen to represent the town in the convention to be held in Cambridge in September for the purpose of forming a constitution. 

The Rev. Thomas Thacher and Fisher Ames, Esquire, were chosen delegates on December 10, 1787, to the convention to be held in Boston, for the purpose of adopting the constitution, or form of government for the United States. Both delegates took an active part in the deliberations of the convention and from that time Fisher Ames was prominently before the public.

Documenting April 18–19, 1775

The events that took place on April 18 and 19, 1775 include some of the most historic — and legendary — moments in American History. Many of the details about the events are found in the letters and depositions written at the time and have been used by many historians as the basis for articles and books about the Battles of Lexington and Concord.

However, what is often lost are interesting details that can be found in the histories of the towns that responded to the Midnight Riders and the Lexington Alarm. Militia forces from approximately 27 towns, including Dedham, fought the British from Lexington to Concord, and then from Concord back to Boston. Many of those men stayed there and participated in the Siege of Boston.

Although these local histories are sometimes embellished and border on folklore, they still provide valuable insight into the pride towns felt over standing up against the British forces who fired on the King’s subjects at Lexington and Concord.

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations, including APA Style, Chicago Style, and MLA Style.

  • Article Title Dedham and the Battles of Lexington and Concord
  • Date April 18–19, 1775
  • Author
  • Keywords Dedham, Dedham Militia, Dedham Minutemen, Lexington Alarm, Concord Fight, Battles of Lexington and Concord, Battle of Menotomy
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date May 30, 2024
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update April 16, 2024