Maryland Colony on American History Central


Maryland was one of the 13 Original Colonies that declared independence from Great Britain in July 1776, establishing the United States of America.

Maryland was founded in April 1632 when King Charles I granted a charter to Cecilius Calvert, Lord Baltimore. Like Virginia, Maryland was a plantation colony, focused on the growth of tobacco as a Cash Crop. Maryland was intended to be a haven for English Catholics but also tolerated other religions. Over time, Protestants took control of Maryland and placed restrictions on Catholics.

Essential Facts

  • Year Founded — 1634
  • Founded By — Lord Baltimore
  • General Assembly Established — 1634
  • Region Southern Colonies, Chesapeake Colonies

Key People


Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations, including APA Style, Chicago Style, and MLA Style.

  • Article Title Maryland Colony on American History Central
  • Date 1634–1776
  • Author
  • Keywords Maryland Colony Guide
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 22, 2024
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update June 24, 2024