Massachusetts Colony on American History Central


Massachusetts and was one of the 13 Original Colonies that declared independence from Great Britain in July 1776, establishing the United States of America.

Massachusetts was founded by Puritans seeking religious freedom in the New World. It started with the establishment of Plymouth Colony in 1620. More colonists followed the Pilgrims and established settlements like Salem, however, most of those became part of Massachusetts Bay Colony, which received its charter in 1629. Over time, Plymouth also became part of Massachusetts. Strict Puritan enforcement of religious ideology led to the banishment of some colonists, including Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson, who founded other colonies.

Essential Facts

  • Year Founded — 1629
  • Founded By — Massachusetts Bay Company
  • General Assembly Established — 1633
  • Region New England Colonies

Primary Documents

Key People


Citation Information

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  • Article Title Massachusetts Colony on American History Central
  • Date 1629–1776
  • Author
  • Keywords Massachusetts Colony Guide
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 22, 2024
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update June 24, 2024