Portrait of Thomas Gage.

Thomas Gage was the Governor of Massachusetts in 1774.

Massachusetts Government Act Quick Facts

May 20, 1774

Quick Facts About Massachusetts Government Act

The British Parliament enacted the Massachusetts Government Act on May 20, 1774.

The Massachusetts Government Act was one of the Coercive, or Intolerable Acts, enacted by Parliament in reaction to the Boston Tea Party.

The Massachusetts Government Act revised the governing structure of Massachusetts, consolidating royal authority and severely limiting self-government.

The Massachusetts Government Act suspended the Massachusetts charter.

The Massachusetts Government Act mandated that the upper house of the legislature was to be appointed by the governor.

The Massachusetts Government Act decreed that colonial officials were to be appointed and paid by the crown, not democratically elected.

The Massachusetts Government Act placed severe restrictions on when town meetings could be held.

The Massachusetts Government Act and the other Coercive Acts provided further ammunition for a growing radical element in the colonies and prompted the calling of the First Continental Congress on September 5, 1774.

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Massachusetts Government Act Quick Facts
  • Coverage May 20, 1774
  • Author
  • Keywords massachusetts government act
  • Website Name American History Central
  • URL
  • Access Date May 29, 2020
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update January 13, 2018

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