New Hampshire Colony on American History Central


New Hampshire was one of the 13 Original Colonies that declared independence from Great Britain in July 1776, establishing the United States of America.

The establishment of the New Hampshire Colony started in 1622 when the Council for New England gave a grant to Captain John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges for the territory between the Merrimack River and Kennebec River. In 1623, two settlements were established along the Piscataqua River. In 1629, Mason and Gorges divided the territory in the colony, and Mason was given a grant for his portion, which he called “New Hampshire.” New Hampshire was founded as a business venture and often fell under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts.

Essential Facts

  • Year Founded — 1679 (first English settlement established in 1623)
  • Founded By — John Mason
  • General Assembly Established — 1680
  • Region New England Colonies

Key People


Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations, including APA Style, Chicago Style, and MLA Style.

  • Article Title New Hampshire Colony on American History Central
  • Date 1623–1776
  • Author
  • Keywords New Hampshire Colony Guide
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 22, 2024
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update June 23, 2024