New Jersey Colony on American History Central


New Jersey was one of the 13 Original Colonies that declared independence from Great Britain in July 1776, establishing the United States of America.

The territory that became New Jersey was originally part of New Netherland and then New York. The Dutch established a trading post at Bergen in 1620, which was followed by others including Fort Nassau and Pavonia, which is present-day Jersey City. In 1638, the Swedes moved into the area and established New Sweden. In 1655, New Netherland captured New Sweden and incorporated the settlements. After the English took control of New Netherland, the area was renamed New Jersey. The Duke of York granted the land between the Hudson River and Delaware River to his friends, Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkeley. At one point, the colony was divided into East Jersey and West Jersey. In 1702, the two regions were merged into a Royal Colony called the Province of New Jersey.

Essential Facts

  • Year Founded — 1664
  • Founded By — Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret
  • General Assembly Established — 1664
  • Region Middle Colonies
  • Part of — Restoration Colonies

Key People


Primary Documents

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations, including APA Style, Chicago Style, and MLA Style.

  • Article Title New Jersey Colony on American History Central
  • Date 1664–1776
  • Author
  • Keywords New Jersey Colony Guide
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 22, 2024
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update June 24, 2024