New York Colony on American History Central


New York was one of the 13 Original Colonies that declared independence from Great Britain in July 1776, establishing the United States of America.

The Colony of New Netherland was established in 1614, but colonists did not arrive until 1624. That was the year the Dutch West India Company established the first permanent settlement — Fort Orange —  in New Netherland. Fort Orange was on the Hudson River, at present-day Albany, New York. The following year, a second trading post, New Amsterdam, was established on the southern tip of Manhattan Island, at the mouth of the Hudson.  In 1664, English forces captured New Amsterdam. Soon after, King Charles II gave the colony to his brother, James, the Duke of York, who renamed it “New York.”  Although Dutch control was restored in 1673, England regained control in 1674.

Essential Facts

  • Year Founded — 1664 (acquired from the Dutch)
  • Founded By — Duke of York
  • General Assembly Established — 1683–1685
  • Region Middle Colonies

Primary Documents

Key People


Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations, including APA Style, Chicago Style, and MLA Style.

  • Article Title New York Colony on American History Central
  • Date 1664–1776
  • Author
  • Keywords New York Colony Guide
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 22, 2024
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update June 24, 2024