Pennsylvania Colony on American History Central


Pennsylvania was one of the 13 Original Colonies that declared independence from Great Britain in July 1776, establishing the United States of America.

In 1638, the Colony of New Sweden was established by the settlement of Fort Christina at present-day Wilmington, Delaware. Five years later, Fort New Gothenburg was built on Tinicum Island which is the present-day site of the Philadelphia International Airport. It became the first permanent European settlement in what would become Pennsylvania. In 1681, King Charles II granted a charter to William Penn for the establishment of a new colony between Maryland and New York. The King named the new colony Pennsylvania, in honor of Penn’s father, Admiral William Penn. The first settlers arrived in December 1681 and Penn arrived in October 1682.

Essential Facts

  • Year Founded — 1681
  • Founded By — William Penn
  • General Assembly Established — 1682
  • Region Middle Colonies
  • Part of — Restoration Colonies

Primary Documents

Key People


Citation Information

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  • Article Title Pennsylvania Colony on American History Central
  • Date 1681–1776
  • Author
  • Keywords Pennsylvania Colony Guide
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 22, 2024
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update June 23, 2024