Pontiac was a chief of the Ottawa Indians who remains famous for his leadership role in Pontiac's Rebellion (1763–1766).
Pontiac was a chief of the Ottawa Indians who remains famous for his leadership role in Pontiac’s Rebellion (1763–1766). Pontiac subscribed to the religious beliefs of Neolin, a prophet among the Delaware Indians who encouraged his fellow Indians to forsake all English goods and customs. Along with other American Indian leaders, Pontiac urged tribes to rise up against the British when the French were expelled from the Ohio Country after the French and Indian War. Pontiac’s Rebellion was initially successful and American Indians captured most of the British Forts in the Ohio Country. However, they were never able to capture Fort Pitt or Fort Detroit and Pontiac’s Rebellion gradually collapsed by the end of 1764. Pontiac signed a peace treaty with the British at Fort Ontario on July 25, 1766. Pontiac spent much of his later life in the Illinois Country, where he was murdered by a fellow American Indian at Cahokia in 1769.