The Quartering Act of 1765 required the colonies to provide provisions and lodging to British soldiers.
On March 24, 1765, the British Parliament enacted the Quartering Act of 1765. The intent of the act was to defray the cost of maintaining British troops in the American colonies following the French and Indian War. Under the terms of the Quartering Act of 1765, Parliament required each colony to provide basic needs, such as bedding, cooking utensils, firewood, beer or cider and candles, for British soldiers stationed within its borders. The act also required colonies to provide barracks to billet the soldiers. If barracks were not available, colonies were required to house soldiers in private commercial properties, such as inns and stables, and, as a last resort, in uninhabited homes and barns. Contrary to popular belief, the Quartering Act did not require colonists to house soldiers in inhabited homes. The Quartering Act of 1765 was expanded in 1774 as a part of the Coercive Acts.