External Links for Quebec Act
Disclaimer: If you click on any of the links below, you will leave American History Central. We do not not certify the accuracy of information, nor endorse points of view expressed on the site to which you are navigating.
Transcript of the Quebec Act, June 22, 1774
On the heels of the Coercive Acts, Parliament passed the Quebec Act, a well-intentioned measure designed to afford greater rights to the French inhabitants of Canada, which had come under British rule through the Treaty of Paris in 1763. In the succeeding years, British efforts to incorporate Quebec into the empire had been a notable failure.
Quebec Act (An Act for making more effective Provision for the Government of the Province of Quebec in North America) was a British statute which received royal assent 22 June 1774 and became effective 1 May 1775. The Act enlarged the boundaries of the PROVINCE OF QUEBEC to include Labrador, Ile d'Anticosti and Iles de la Madeleine on the east, and the Indian territory south of the Great Lakes between the Mississippi and Ohio rivers on the west. The colony was to be governed by a governor and 17 to 23 appointed councillors; an elected assembly was not provided. Religious freedom was guaranteed for the colony's Roman Catholic majority, and a simplified Test Oath, which omitted references to religion, enabled them to enter public office conscientiously (see CATHOLICISM). The Act established French civil law and British criminal law and provided for continued use of the SEIGNEURIAL SYSTEM.
In 1774, the English Parliament enacted the Quebec Act. The Quebec Act gave the English colony of Quebec control of all lands west of the Appalachian Mountains and north of the Ohio River. Quebec had been a French colony until the Treaty of Paris (1763). This treaty ended the French and Indian War and transferred most French land claims in North America to the English.
Quebec Act, 1774
Quebec Act, 1774, passed by the British Parliament to institute a permanent administration in Canada replacing the temporary government created at the time of the Proclamation of 1763. It gave the French Canadians complete religious freedom and restored the French form of civil law. The Thirteen Colonies considered this law one of theIntolerable Acts, for it nullified many of the Western claims of the coast colonies by extending the boundaries of the province of Quebec to the Ohio River on the south and to the Mississippi River on the west.
The Intolerable Acts
The British called their responsive measures to the Boston Tea Party the COERCIVE ACTS. Boston Harbor was closed to trade until the owners of the tea were compensated. Only food and firewood were permitted into the port. Town meetings were banned, and the authority of the royal governor was increased.
The Quebec Act of 1774 was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain (citation 14 Geo. III c. 83) setting procedures of governance in the Province of Quebec. The principal components of the act were: The Act had wide-ranging effects, in Quebec itself, as well as in the Thirteen Colonies. In Quebec, English-speaking migrants from Britain and the southern colonies objected to a variety of its provisions, which they saw as a removal of certain political freedoms. French-speaking Canadiens varied in their reaction; the land-owning seigneurs and clergy were generally happy with its provisions.
The Quebec Act of 1774 was also called the Act for Making More Effectual Provision for the Government of the Province of Quebec in North America. It put under the control of the British colony of Quebec all unsettled lands east of the Mississippi River and north of the Ohio River -- lands that had been promised to the 13 American colonies. The Act also allowed for the practice of the faith of the Roman Catholic Church in the area, even though Catholicism was severely restricted in Britain itself. The Act never went into effect, as the war for independence started in 1775.
An act passed in 1774 by the British Parliament to establish French civil law and allow the practice of the Roman Catholic religion in the province of Quebec. It extended Quebec's boundaries and gave the province control of the territory and fur trade between the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. Protestants in the American colonies protested the act and named it and the Coercive Acts as the Intolerable Acts.
The Quebec Act 1774
Canada had become a British colony in 1763 as part of the Peace of Paris at the end of the Seven Years' War. Thereafter Canada was subject to British legislation including the Williamite Penal Laws which discriminated against Roman Catholics. Since the bulk of the population in Canada was French and Roman Catholic, there were great difficulties in govenance and the administration of justice.
The Quebec Act
Following the British victory over France in the Seven Years' War, the territories of France in northern North America, known as Canada, were granted to Britain in the Treaty of Paris in 1763. The British renamed the territory Quebec. The British Parliament passed the Quebec Act on October 7, 1774, in an effort to satisfy the people of Quebec and to prevent them from joining the growing dissent and disaffection fomenting in the American colonies.
Quebec Act, legislation passed by the British Parliament in 1774 for governing Canada, at that time called the Province of Quebec. The act continued French civil law in the province, admitted Roman Catholics to full citizenship, and permitted the Catholic Church to retain privileges it had when the area belonged to France. The Quebec Act withheld a representative assembly, providing instead for government of the province by an appointed governor and council. It also extended the boundaries of the province to include land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River north of the Ohio.
The Quebec Act, 1774
The Québec Act, along with the instructions given to Governor Carleton, marked a new beginning.It did not call for an assembly, allowing the governor to continue ruling with his council.
The Quebec Act
The main purpose of the Quebec Act of 1774 was to meet the needs of the government of the Province of Quebec more effectively. Governor Carleton also viewed it as a means of satisfying the aspirations of French Canadians. The St. Lawrence commercial empire was to be reconstituted by re-establishing the former borders of the Canadian colony. Clearly influenced by the uprisings among the American colonies, the reintegration of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Great Lake regions into the Province's territory was intended to restore economic unity. London's new strategy was to partly reconstitute the former French empire so that the authority of the British Crown would be established in the interior of the continent and it would be in a better position to deal with rebellious Americans and unmanageable Native people.
The impending American Revolution and the fear that the "Canadiens" might join them in the revolt led the British government to pass "An Act for making more effectual provision for the government of the Province of Quebec in North America" (Quebec Act) in 1774. Moreover, the government of Great Britain had come to realise that the policy of assimilation spelled out in the Royal Proclamation did not make sense in view of the fact that the Province of Quebec seemed destined to remain largely French in the foreseeable future and that few British immigrants had shown interest in coming into the province. Hence, the assimilating policies of the Royal Proclamation of 1763 had to be officially abandoned. As Edmund Burke explained in the House of Commons the aim of the Act was to preserve the Canadiens' "old prejudices (and) their old customs." As much as was possible, the aim was to reconstitute New France and, as Burke pointed out, "the only difference is, they will have George the third for Louis the sixteenth."
QUEBEC ACT, the title usually given to a bill introduced into the House of Lords on May 2, 1774, entitled " An Act for making more Effectual Provision for the Government of the Province of Quebec, in North America." It passed the House of Lords on May 17, was discussed in the Commons from May 26 to June 13, and finally passed with some amendments . These were accepted by the Lords, in spite of the opposition of Lord Chatham, and the bill received the royal assent on June 22.
Québec Act, British statute passed in 1774 that greatly expanded the British colony of Québec and instituted French civil law within it. The act was meant to address the conflicting desires of Québec's French- and English-speaking populations, but it failed as a compromise and led to frustration in the colony. The act also prompted a hostile reaction from the 13 British colonies to the south, which were already on the verge of revolting against Britain.
The Quebec Act (1774)
Administration of New France by a governor and an appointed council was established by the Royal Proclamation of 1763. In 1774 the English Parliament passed the Quebec Act. Under its terms the boundaries of Quebec were extended as far as the Ohio River valley and the Roman Catholic Church was recognized along with its right to collect tithes. French civil law was also re-established to govern the relations of Canadian subjects. British criminal law was imposed in all matters having to do with public law and order and offenses for which the punishment might be fine, imprisonment, or in some cases death. These gestures on the part of the English government won the support of the religious and civil leaders in Quebec and re-established their power.
The Quebec Act which was passed by the British Parliament on June 22, 1774 had major implications for the 13 colonies and the future of British North America. The immediate provisions of the act allowed Roman Catholic participation in daily social and civil affaires. A test oath in the act did not include religious issues, religious freedom was guaranteed, the seigneurial system was maintained, French civil law was accepted in the colony of Quebec and the territories of Quebec were vastly expanded.