Date and Location
- June 13-15, 1863
- Frederick County, near Winchester, Virginia
Principal Union Commanders
- Brigadier General Robert Milroy
Principal Confederate Commanders
- Lieutenant General Richard Ewell
Union Forces Engaged
- 2nd Division, 8th Corps, Middle Department, garrisoned at Winchester
Confederate Forces Engaged
- 2nd Corps (Army of Northern Virginia)
Number of Union Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 6,900
Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 19,000
- 3,000-4,000+ (95 killed, over 300 wounded, 3,000 to 4,000 captured/missing)
- 269 (47 killed, over 219 wounded, 3 missing)
- Confederate victory
- The decisive action during the Second Battle of Winchester took place on June 15, 1863, near Stephenson’s Depot, roughly five miles northeast of Winchester, Virginia.
- Confederate forces captured 23 pieces of artillery, 300 loaded wagons, more than 300 horses, and quite a large amount of commissary and quartermaster’s stores at the Second Battle of Winchester.
- The Confederate victory at the Second Battle of Winchester cleared the upper Shenandoah Valley of Union resistance, paving the way for Robert E. Lee’s invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania.
- Ewell’s victory at the Second Battle of Winchester enhanced his reputation in his first test as a corps commander following the death of Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson at the Battle of Chancellorsville.
- Following his defeat at the Second Battle of Winchester, Union commander Robert Milroy was arrested and later tried and acquitted by a Union military court of inquiry.
- Following his defeat at the Second Battle of Winchester, Union commander Robert Milroy did not command men in battle again until December 1864.
Timeline of the Gettysburg Campaign
These are the main battles and events of the Gettysburg Campaign in order.
- June 9, 1863 — Battle of Brandy Station
- June 13 and June 15, 1863 — Second Battle of Winchester
- June 17, 1863 — Battle of Aldie
- June 11–June 19, 1863 — Battle of Middleburg
- June 21, 1863 — Battle of Upperville
- June 30, 1863 — Battle of Hanover
- July 1–3, 1863 — Battle of Gettysburg
- July 3, 1863 — Pickett’s Charge
- July 6–16, 1863 — Battle of Williamsport
- July 8, 1863 — Battle of Boonsboro
- July 23, 1863 — Battle of Manassas Gap