George McClellan, Portrait

The Seven Days Battles ended Major General George B. McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign of 1862. [Wikimedia Commons]

Seven Days Battles Facts

June 25–July 1, 1862

Key facts about the Seven Days Battles.

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Also Known As

  • Seven Days Retreat

Date and Location

  • June 25–July 1, 1862
  • Hanover County and Henrico County, Virginia

Campaign

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • Army of the Potomac

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Army of Northern Virginia

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 104,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 92,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 15,800 (1,734 killed, 8,066 wounded, and 6,055 captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 20,200 (3,494 killed, 15, 758 wounded, and 952 captured/missing)

Result

  • Confederate victory

Significance

  • The Seven Days Battles was a series of battles fought from June 25 through July 1, 1862.
  • The Seven Days Battles drove the Union Army of the Potomac away from the outskirts of Richmond, Virginia.
  • The Seven Days Battles ended the Union Peninsula Campaign of 1862.
  • At the conclusion of the Seven Days Battles, with the Army of the Potomac no longer an immediate threat to the South, Robert E. Lee was able to shift the focus of the action in the eastern theater back north and prolong the war for over two more years.

Timeline of the Seven Days Battles

These are the main battles and events of the Seven Days Battles in order.

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Seven Days Battles Facts
  • Coverage June 25–July 1, 1862
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 27, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 13, 2021
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