The Seven Days Battles was a series of battles fought between the United States of America and the Confederate States of America from June 25, 1862, to July 1, 1862, during the American Civil War.
- Also Known As: The Seven Days Battles is also called the “Seven Days Retreat.”
- Date Started: The Seven Days Battles started on Thursday, June 25, 1862.
- Date Ended: The fighting ended on Tuesday, July 1, 1862.
- Location: The battle took place in Hanover County and Henrico County, Virginia.
- Who Won: The Confederate States of America won the Seven Days Battles.
- Military Campaign: The Seven Days Battles was part of the Peninsula Campaign of 1862.
This illustration from 1864 depicts fierce fighting at the Battle of Glendale, which took place during the Seven Days Battles. Image Source: Archive.org.
- The Seven Days Battles drove the Union Army of the Potomac away from the outskirts of Richmond, Virginia.
- The Seven Days Battles ended the Union Peninsula Campaign of 1862.
Commanders and Forces Involved
Principal Union Commanders
- Major General George B. McClellan
Principal Confederate Commanders
- General Robert E. Lee
Union Forces Engaged
- Army of the Potomac
Confederate Forces Engaged
- Army of Northern Virginia
Casualties and Statistics
Number of Union Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 104,000
Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 92,000
Estimated Union Casualties
- 15,800 (1,734 killed, 8,066 wounded, and 6,055 captured/missing)
Estimated Confederate Casualties
- 20,200 (3,494 killed, 15, 758 wounded, and 952 captured/missing)
Results of the Seven Days Battles
- At the conclusion of the Seven Days Battles, with the Army of the Potomac no longer an immediate threat to the South, Robert E. Lee was able to shift the focus of the action in the eastern theater back north and prolong the war for over two more years.
Timeline of the Seven Days Battles
This list shows the main battles and events that took place before and after the Seven Days Battles, and how it fits into the chronological order of the Peninsula Campaign.