Black and white photograph of Stonewall Jackson.

Confederate General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson out-maneuvered and defeated three Union armies during the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862, also known as Jackson’s Valley Campaign. [Wikimedia Commons]

Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862 Facts

March 23–June 1862

Key facts about the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862.

Advertisements

Also Known As

  • Jackson’s Valley Campaign

Date and Location

  • March 23, 1862–June 1862
  • Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley

Timeline of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862

These are the main battles and events of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862 in order.

Advertisements

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • Army of the Potomac (1st and 5th Army Corps), Mountain Department

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Valley District of the Department of Northern Virginia,

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 52,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 17,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 7,000 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 2,500 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Result

  • Confederate victory

Impact of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862

  • During the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862, General Stonewall Jackson’s men won five battles in four weeks.
  • During the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862, General Stonewall Jackson’s men traveled more than 650 miles, mostly on foot.
  • During the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862, General Stonewall Jackson’s infantry was so agile they became known as “Jackson’s foot cavalry.”
  • Despite being outnumbered nearly three-to-one during the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862, General Stonewall Jackson defeated three Union armies that had him virtually surrounded.
  • General Stonewall Jackson’s successes during the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862 deterred Union Major General Irvin McDowell’s corps from reinforcing Major General George McClellan’s troops during the Peninsula Campaign, probably preventing the fall of Richmond, and thereby extending the Civil War for nearly three more years.
Advertisements

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862 Facts
  • Coverage March 23–June 1862
  • Author
  • Keywords shenandoah valley campaign of 1862 facts
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date August 14, 2022
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update April 13, 2022
Advertisements