Portrait of Philip Sheridan

Major General Philip Sheridan’s Valley Campaign was the last of three campaigns that comprise the Shenandoah Valley Campaigns of 1864. [Wikimedia Commons]

Sheridan's Valley Campaign Facts

May–October 1864

Key facts about Sheridan's Valley Campaign of 1864.

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Date and Location

  • May–October 1864

Location

  • Frederick County, Virginia
  • Shenandoah County, Virginia
  • Warren County, Virginia

Timeline of Sheridan’s Valley Campaign

These are the main battles and events of Sheridan’s Valley Campaign in order. The campaign was part of the larger Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864.

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • Army of the Shenandoah

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Army of the Valley

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 30,000 – 50,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 21,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • Undetermined, but at least 11,300

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • Undetermined, but at least 7,500

Result

  • Union victory

Significance

  • Sheridan’s Valley Campaign was the last of three campaigns that comprise the Shenandoah Valley Campaigns of 1864.
  • During an operation of destruction known as “The Burning,” Major General Philip Sheridan claimed to have slaughtered thousands of sheep, hogs, and cattle and to have burned “2,000 barns filled with wheat, hay, and farming implements [and] over seventy mills filled with flour and wheat.”
  • Sheridan’s Valley Campaign ended with the Union victory over Lieutenant General Jubal Early’s Army of the Valley at the Battle of Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864).
  • After Major General Philip Sheridan’s successful Shenandoah Valley Campaign, the Shenandoah Valley no longer would be a source of sustenance for the Confederacy.
  • Coupled with Major General William T. Sherman’s capture of Atlanta, Major General Philip Sheridan’s successful Shenandoah Valley Campaign helped ensure President Lincoln’s re-election in 1864 and the continuation of the American Civil War.
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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Sheridan's Valley Campaign Facts
  • Coverage May–October 1864
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 27, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 16, 2021
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