Key facts about the American Civil War Stones River Campaign.
Date and Location
- December 26, 1862 – January 3, 1863
- Middle Tennessee
Timeline of the Stones River Campaign
The only major engagement of the Stones River Campaign was the Battle of Stones River.
Principal Union Commander
- Major General William S. Rosecrans
Principal Confederate Commander
- General Braxton Bragg
Union Forces Engaged
- 14th Army Corps (informally known as the Army of the Cumberland)
Confederate Forces Engaged
Number of Union Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 44,000
Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 38,000
Estimated Union Casualties
- 12,906 (1,677 killed,7,543 wounded, 3,686 captured/missing)
Estimated Confederate Casualties
- 11,739 (1,294 killed, 7,945 wounded, 2,500 captured/missing)
- Union victory
Impact of the Stones River Campaign
- William S. Rosecrans’ successful Stones River Campaign drove the Confederate Army of Tennessee away from Nashville and forced it to assume a defensive position at Tullahoma, near Chattanooga, the Confederacy’s last stronghold in the Volunteer State.
- Contrasted with late 1862 federal defeats at the Battle of Fredericksburg in the East, and the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou in the West, the successful Stones River Campaign provided the Lincoln administration and the northern public with some much-needed hope.
- The successful Stones River Campaign added some teeth to the Emancipation Proclamation, which had gone into effect on January 1, 1863, while the Battle of Stones River was being contested.