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Transcript of the Suffolk Resolves
In September 1774, representatives from Boston and other Suffolk County towns met in Milton to craft their response to the recent Coercive Acts. Dr. Joseph Warren captured the mood of his fellow delegates in a series of resolutions that became known as the Suffolk Resolves.
The Suffolk Resolves was a declaration made on September 9, 1774 by the leaders of Suffolk County, Massachusetts, of which Boston is the major city. The convention that adopted them first met at the Woodward Tavern in Dedham, which is today the site of the Norfolk County Courthouse. The Resolves were recognized by statesman Edmund Burke as a major development in colonial animosity leading to adoption of the United States Declaration of Independence from Great Britain in 1776, and he urged British conciliation with the American colonies, to little effect.
The American Revolution in Massachusetts: 1763-1775
The Suffolk Resolves, written by Dr. Joseph Warren under Samuel Adams' direction, claimed that King George III had lost his subjects' loyalty in the colonies, and called for an embargo on British goods. They also set up an independent Massachusetts Assembly, and the taxes would be paid to the treasury of the new assembly. They also called the colonists to organize their own militias for their defense and “to learn the arts of war”. The Suffolk Resolves were approved by the First Continental Congress.
In defiance of the ban on town meetings, delegates from the towns of Suffolk County, Massachusetts (including Boston), met at private homes in Dedham on 6 September 1774 and in Milton on 9 September to plan resistance against the Coercive Acts. A committee, headed by Joseph Warren, was charged with drawing up an address to Governor Thomas Gage and resolves to send to the Continental Congress.