Vicksburg Campaign Facts

December 26, 1862–July 4, 1863

Key facts about the American Civil War Vicksburg Campaign.

Portrait of Ulysses S. Grant

Major General Ulysses S. Grant’s Vicksburg Campaign led to the Union capture of the Mississippi River bastion of Vicksburg, Mississippi on July 4, 1863. [Wikimedia Commons]


Date and Location

  • December 26, 1862–July 4, 1863
  • In and around the area of Vicksburg, Mississippi, including in portions of Louisiana.

Timeline of the Vicksburg Campaign

These are the main battles and events of the Vicksburg Campaign in order.


Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • Army of the Tennessee, Mississippi River Squadron

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Army of Mississippi

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 75,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 30,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 10,142 (1,581 killed, 7,554 wounded, 1,007 missing)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 38,586 (1,413 killed, 3,878 wounded, 3,800 missing, 29,495 surrendered)


  • Union victory

Impact of the Vicksburg Campaign

  • Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton’s surrender of the Army of the Mississippi marked the second time that an entire Confederate army surrendered to Grant, the first being at Fort Donelson.
  • Before the Vicksburg Campaign began, President Abraham Lincoln stated, “Vicksburg is the key. The war can never be brought to a close until the key is in our pocket.”
  • Before the Vicksburg Campaign began, Confederate President Jefferson Davis stated, “Vicksburg is the nail head that holds the South’s two halves together.”
  • Vicksburg’s fall gave the Union complete control of the Mississippi River, reestablishing trade through the Gulf of Mexico.
  • Vicksburg’s fall severed the Confederacy’s connections with territories in the American West, denying the South essential agricultural supplies.
  • The success of the Vicksburg Campaign also restored Grant’s reputation, which had suffered after the surprise Confederate attack at Shiloh.

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Vicksburg Campaign Facts
  • Date December 26, 1862–July 4, 1863
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date June 3, 2023
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update April 11, 2022

Vicksburg Campaign Facts is Part of the Following on AHC