Date and Location
- December 26, 1862–July 4, 1863
- In and around the area of Vicksburg, Mississippi, including in portions of Louisiana.
Timeline of the Vicksburg Campaign
These are the main battles and events of the Vicksburg Campaign in order.
- December 26–29, 1862 — Battle of Chickasaw Bayou
- February 3–April 8, 1863 — Yazoo Pass Expedition
- March 11–18, 1863 — Battle of Fort Pemberton
- April 29, 1863 — Battle of Grand Gulf
- May 1, 1863 — Battle of Port Gibson
- May 12, 1863 — Battle of Raymond
- May 14, 1863 — Battle of Jackson
- May 16, 1863 — Battle of Champion Hill
- May 17, 1863 — Battle of Big Black River Bridge
- May 25–July 4, 1863 — Siege of Vicksburg
- July 4, 1863 — Surrender at Vicksburg
- July 4, 1863 — Battle of Helena
Principal Union Commanders
- Major General Ulysses S. Grant
- Major General William T. Sherman
Principal Confederate Commanders
- Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton
Union Forces Engaged
- Army of the Tennessee, Mississippi River Squadron
Confederate Forces Engaged
- Army of Mississippi
Number of Union Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 75,000
Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 30,000
Estimated Union Casualties
- 10,142 (1,581 killed, 7,554 wounded, 1,007 missing)
Estimated Confederate Casualties
- 38,586 (1,413 killed, 3,878 wounded, 3,800 missing, 29,495 surrendered)
- Union victory
Impact of the Vicksburg Campaign
- Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton’s surrender of the Army of the Mississippi marked the second time that an entire Confederate army surrendered to Grant, the first being at Fort Donelson.
- Before the Vicksburg Campaign began, President Abraham Lincoln stated, “Vicksburg is the key. The war can never be brought to a close until the key is in our pocket.”
- Before the Vicksburg Campaign began, Confederate President Jefferson Davis stated, “Vicksburg is the nail head that holds the South’s two halves together.”
- Vicksburg’s fall gave the Union complete control of the Mississippi River, reestablishing trade through the Gulf of Mexico.
- Vicksburg’s fall severed the Confederacy’s connections with territories in the American West, denying the South essential agricultural supplies.
- The success of the Vicksburg Campaign also restored Grant’s reputation, which had suffered after the surprise Confederate attack at Shiloh.