The Battle of Lexington — Doolittle Engravings, Plate I

April 19, 1775

Amos Doolittle made this copper engraving of the Battle of Lexington in 1775, after visiting Lexington and interviewing eyewitnesses. This engraving was the first plate in the four-plate series. Together, they are known as the "Doolittle Engravings of the Battles of Lexington and Concord."

This engraving was made by Amos Doolittle from an illustration done by landscape artist, Ralph Earl. The text at the top of the engraving says, “The Battle of Lexington. April 19th, 1775. Plate I.”

The engraving includes six labels that explain the scene.

Number 1 — “Major Pitcarn, at the head of the Regular Granadiers.” Major John Pitcairn is seen to the right, on a horse, pointing in the direction of the fleeting Lexington Militia, led by Captain John Parker.

Number 2 — “The Party who first fired on the Provincials at Lexington.” This refers to the line of British troops in front of Pitcairn, who are depicted as firing on the Americans.

Number 3 — “Part of the Provincial Company of Lexington.” The Lexington Militia is seen on the left, fleeing from Lexington Common.

Number 4 — “Regular Companies on the road to Concord.” British troops at the top right of the engraving are depicted as marching to Concord, which happened after order was restored and the Battle of Lexington ended.

Number 5 — “The Metinghouse at Lexington.” The Meeting House is at the top of the engraving, left of center, with two chimneys.

Number 6 — “The Public Inn.” To the right of the Meeting House is Buckman’s Tavern.

Amos Doolittle Engravings

See the other plates in this historic series of engravings that are the only contemporary illustrations documenting the Battles of Lexington and Concord.

  1. The Battle of Lexington. April 19th, 1775. Plate I.
  2. Plate II. A View of the Town of Concord.
  3. Plate III. The Engagement at the North Bridge in Concord.
  4. Plate IV. A View of the South Part of Lexington.