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Gilded Age Immigration and Urbanization

APUSH Chapter 25, American Moves to the City, Gilded Age

Immigration and Urbanization During the Gilded Age Following the Civil War, the population of the United States increased significantly, nearly doubling from 1870 to 1900. During the same period, the population of American cities tripled and by the end of the 19th century, an estimated 40% of Americans lived in cities. The rapid growth of … Read more

Free Silver Movement

Free Silver Movement, Definition, Facts, APUSH, Political Cartoon

What was Free Silver? Free Silver was a monetary policy that allowed the unlimited production of silver coins. The policy was eliminated in the early years of the political turmoil of the Gilded Age. What was the Free Silver Movement? The Free Silver Movement was an organized effort that advocated the unlimited coinage of silver … Read more

Great Railroad Strike, 1877

Great Railroad Strike, 1877, Definition, Facts, APUSH

What was the Great Railroad Strike of 1877? The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was triggered by wage cuts amid the Panic of 1873, spreading from Martinsburg, West Virginia, to major cities like Baltimore, Pittsburgh, and Chicago. Railroad executives initially relied on local law enforcement to break the strike, but ineffective responses led to the … Read more

Panic of 1873

Panic of 1837, Definition, Facts, APUSH

What was the Panic of 1873? The Panic of 1873 was an economic collapse triggered by the bankruptcy of Jay Cooke and Company, which plunged the United States into a four-year depression. This economic crisis resulted in widespread bankruptcies, including 89 railroad companies and 18,000 businesses. Unemployment soared to 14% nationwide by 1877. The panic … Read more

Riedesel, Friedrich Adolf

Friedrich Adolf Riedesel, General, American Revolutionary War

Who was Friedrich Riedesel? Baron Friedrich Adolf Riedesel (1738–1800) was a German General born in Lauterbach, Hesse. He rose through the military ranks during the Seven Years’ War, distinguishing himself at the Battle of Minden. He led troops to America in 1776, where he joined the American Revolutionary War during the American Invasion of Quebec. … Read more

Quebec, Invasion, 1775-1776, Overview

Invasion of Quebec, Canada Campaign, 1775-76, American History Central

Invasion of Quebec Summary The Invasion of Quebec, or the Canada Campaign, was a military offensive carried out by the Continental Army from June 1775 to November 1776. American forces were led by several different generals, all of whom failed to capture Quebec City or convince the people living in the Province of Quebec to … Read more

Carleton, Guy

Guy Carleton, Illustration

Guy Carleton Facts — Early Life to 1774 Early Life and Political Connections Early Military Career Carleton’s Service During the Seven Years’ War Carleton Joins the French and Indian War Carleton Returns to the Seven Years’ War Carleton Becomes Governor of Quebec Priorities as Governor of Quebec Return to England The Quebec Act and Return … Read more

Princeton, Battle, 1777

George Washington at Princeton, Painting

Battle of Princeton Summary General George Washington led the Continental Army to victory at the Battle of Princeton on January 3, 1777. The Americans won the battle which boosted American morale during a crucial 10-day period that forced the British to withdraw from southern New Jersey. The battle came on the heels of the dramatic … Read more

Gilded Age Industrial Revolution

Gilded Age Industrial Revolution, Overview, Outline, APUSH

Industry Comes of Age The Industrial Revolution helped transform the United States during the Gilded Age. While railroads and steel dominated business, corruption-plagued politics. Titans of Business emerged, including Cornelius Vanderbilt, Andrew Carnegie, J.P. Morgan, and John D. Rockefeller. In response, workers organized unions and fought for better wages and working conditions. Politics Takes a … Read more

Wolfe, James

James Wolfe, General, Britain, French and Indian War

Who Was James Wolfe? James Wolfe rose to prominence as a British military officer during the French and Indian War. Known for his bravery and military strategy, Wolfe played key roles in battles such as Louisbourg and the decisive victory at the Plains of Abraham, where he died in 1759. His death, at the moment … Read more

Amherst, Jeffery

Jeffrey Amherst, General, Britain, Painting Gainsborough

Who Was Jeffery Amherst? Jeffery Amherst (1717–1797) was a British army officer known for his leadership during the French and Indian War in America. He commanded successful campaigns, including the capture of Louisbourg and Montreal. Amherst’s later career saw him rise to prominence in Britain, serving as commander-in-chief and organizing defenses against invasion. Despite controversy … Read more

Alamo Battle, Day 1 — February 23, 1836

Alamo Battle, 1836, Day 1

What happened at the Battle of the Alamo on the first day? This video from The Alamo in San Antonio Texas summarizes the events that took place on the first day of the siege, which was a key part of the Texas Revolution. Facts About Day 1 of the Alamo Timeline of the Battle of … Read more

Alamo Battle, Day 2 — February 24, 1836

Alamo Battle, 1836, Day 2

What happened at the Battle of the Alamo on the second day? This video from The Alamo in San Antonio Texas summarizes the events that took place on the second day of the siege, which was a key part of the Texas Revolution. Facts About Day 2 of the Alamo The Travis Letter Facts The … Read more

Alamo Battle, Day 3 — February 25, 1836

Alamo Battle, 1836, Day 3

What happened at the Battle of the Alamo on the third day? This video from The Alamo in San Antonio Texas summarizes the events that took place on the third day of the siege, which was a key part of the Texas Revolution. Facts About Day 3 of the Alamo Timeline of the Battle of … Read more

Alamo Battle, Day 4 — February 26, 1836

Alamo Battle, 1836, Day 4, Well at the Alamo

What happened at the Battle of the Alamo on the fourth day? This video from The Alamo in San Antonio Texas summarizes the events that took place on the fourth day of the siege, which was a key part of the Texas Revolution. Facts About Day 4 of the Alamo Timeline of the Battle of … Read more

Alamo Battle, Day 5 — February 27, 1836

Alamo Battle, 1836, Day 5, Wall at the Alamo

What happened at the Battle of the Alamo on the fifth day? This video from The Alamo in San Antonio Texas summarizes the events that took place on the fifth day of the siege, which was a key part of the Texas Revolution. Facts About Day 5 of the Alamo Timeline of the Battle of … Read more

Alamo Battle, Day 6 — February 28, 1836

Alamo Battle, 1836, Day 6, Aerial View

What happened at the Battle of the Alamo on the sixth day? This video from The Alamo in San Antonio Texas summarizes the events that took place on the sixth day of the siege, which was a key part of the Texas Revolution. Facts About Day 6 of the Alamo Timeline of the Battle of … Read more

Alamo Battle, Day 7 — February 29, 1836

Alamo Battle, 1836, Day 7, Texans at the Walls

What happened at the Battle of the Alamo on the seventh day? This video from The Alamo in San Antonio Texas summarizes the events that took place on the seventh day of the siege, which was a key part of the Texas Revolution. Facts About Day 7 of the Alamo Timeline of the Battle of … Read more

Alamo Battle, Day 8 — March 1, 1836

Alamo Battle, 1836, Day 8, Davy Crockett Portrait

What happened at the Battle of the Alamo on the eighth day? This video from The Alamo in San Antonio Texas summarizes the events that took place on the eighth day of the siege, which was a key part of the Texas Revolution. Facts About Day 8 of the Alamo Timeline of the Battle of … Read more

Alamo Battle, Day 9 — March 2, 1836

Alamo Battle, 1836, Day 9, Jim Bowie Portrait

What happened at the Battle of the Alamo on the ninth day? This video from The Alamo in San Antonio Texas summarizes the events that took place on the ninth day of the siege, which was a key part of the Texas Revolution. Facts About Day 9 of the Alamo Timeline of the Battle of … Read more