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Board of Trade, Colonial America

King William III, Portrait

Board of Trade Summary The Board of Trade, also known as the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, was established by King William III in 1696 as an advisory body to the Privy Council to oversee inspections and improvements to the English plantations and colonies. The board had no legislative power and was primarily responsible … Read more

Colonial America

George Washington, President, 1795, Stuart

Colonial America Quick Facts While there are a significant number of events that helped shape the Colonial Era in America, here are 15 facts about Colonial America everyone should know about the era. Bonus Fact — The Fur Trade between Native American Indians and European explorers and colonists played a significant role in shaping Colonial … Read more

Bellingham, Richard

Richard Bellingham, Governor, Massachusetts

Who was Richard Bellingham, Governor of Massachusetts? Richard Bellingham, a colonial governor of Massachusetts, was born in England in 1592 and died away on December 7, 1672. Bellingham pursued a career in law and was among the original patentees of Massachusetts Bay Colony.  Deputy Governor Bellingham Upon his arrival in Boston in 1634, he actively … Read more

New England Confederation

John Winthrop, New England Confederation Governor, Portrait

What was the New England Confederation? The New England Confederation — also known as the United Colonies of New England — was an alliance formed between the Puritan Colonies — Plymouth, Connecticut, New Haven, and Massachusetts Bay — in 1643. After the events of the Pequot War, leaders from those colonies believed it was necessary … Read more

James I, King — Facts

King James I of England, Portrait, Somer

King James I and His Connections to Colonial America King James I played a significant role in the establishment of Colonial America, especially the Southern Colonies and the New England Colonies. Persecution of Puritans and Separatists King James I ascended to the English throne in 1603 and expressed his intention to put an end to … Read more

Elizabeth I, Queen — Facts

Queen Elizabeth I, Portrait, Gower

Queen Elizabeth I and Her Connections to Colonial America Queen Elizabeth I of England was the first English monarch to have a significant influence on the development of Colonial America. A Protestant Empire Queen Elizabeth I transformed England into a Protestant nation in 1559. Because of this, any colonies that were founded also had to … Read more

North Carolina Colony

North Carolina Colony, Blue Ridge Mountains, NPS

North Carolina Colony Facts The North Carolina Colony was officially founded in 1712, after having been part of the Carolina Colony since 1663. The earliest attempts to settle the region, including the Roanoke Island Colony, were failures. However, the successful establishment of Jamestown led to growth and expansion, and Virginia colonists migrated south into North … Read more

Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexican Cession, 1848, AHC

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo — also known as the “Mexican Cession” — ceded 55% of Mexico’s territory to the United States, including Nevada, Utah, and portions of California, Arizona, and New Mexico. Mexico also dropped all claims to Texas. The acquisition of the new territory allowed the United States to move toward fulfilling Manifest … Read more

Presidential Election, 1788–1789

George Washington, President, 1795, Stuart

Election of 1789 Quick Facts Election of 1789 Significance The Election of 1789 was a landmark moment in United States history that saw the election of George Washington as the first President of the United States. Overview of the Presidential Election of 1789 Following the ratification of the United States Constitution in June 1788, 11 … Read more

Solemn League and Covenant

Solemn League and Covenant, Boston, 1774

Solemn League and Covenant Facts Important Dates and Events Solemn League and Covenant Significance The Solemn League and Covenant was significant because it contributed to the formation of the First Continental Congress, the first organized American government. It was also a precursor to the Continental Association, which organized and enforced a non-importation and non-exportation agreement … Read more

Clinton, George — Vice President

George Clinton, General, USA, American Revolution, NYPL

George Clinton Quick Facts George Clinton Overview and History George Clinton was a politician and soldier from New York who rose to prominence during the American Revolution. Clinton represented New York at the Second Continental Congress and voted in favor of the Declaration of Independence. He was also elected as the first Governor of New … Read more

Dickinson, Philemon

Philemon Dickinson, General, American Revolution, NYPL

Philemon Dickinson Quick Facts Philemon Dickinson Overview and History Philemon Dickinson was a soldier and politician from New Jersey who rose to prominence during the American Revolution. Dickinson served as a Brigadier General in the New Jersey Militia. In 1777, he was promoted to Major General and became the Commander-in-Chief of the state militia. Early … Read more

Brown, John – Pittsfield, Massachusetts

Battle of Stone Arabia, Fort Klosk, 1780, John Brown, Historical Marker

John Brown Quick Facts John Brown Overview and History John Brown was born on October 19, 1744, in Haverhill, Massachusetts. He graduated from Yale in 1771 and became a lawyer in Tryon County, New York in 1772. In 1773, he moved to Pittsfield, Massachusetts where he supported the Patriot Cause and was a member of … Read more

Musgrove Mill, Battle, 1780, Overview

Isaac Shelby, Governor, Officer, Portrait

Battle of Musgrove Mill Facts Key Moments Battle of Musgrove Mill Significance The Battle of Musgrove Mill was significant because the American militia forces proved they were a threat to the British, who were trying to establish complete control of the Southern Colonies in America. General Charles Cornwallis responded by sending Major Patrick Ferguson out … Read more

Davie, William Richardson

William Richardson Davie, American Revolution, Portrait, Peale

William Richardson Davie was a politician and soldier who rose to prominence during the American Revolutionary War as an officer in the North Carolina Militia. Davie is most famous for voting for the United States Constitution during the 1787 Constitutional Convention. In 1798, he was elected as the 10th Governor of North Carolina. William Richardson … Read more

Henry, Andrew

Fort Henry, Idaho, Historical Marker, HMDB

Andrew Henry Quick Facts Andrew Henry Overview Andrew Henry played a crucial role in the Westward Expansion and Western Fur Trade in America. Although he is often overshadowed by his business partner, General William Henry Ashley, Henry’s contributions to the establishment of the Rocky Mountain Fur Company cannot be denied.  Early Years Henry was born … Read more

Clyman, James

James Clyman, Mountain Man, Explorer

James Clyman Quick Facts James Clyman Overview James Clyman, born on February 1, 1792, in Fauquier County, Virginia, grew up on land his father leased from George Washington. When he was 15, his family relocated to Stark County, Ohio. However, his dislike for farming prompted him to travel westward to Indiana and eventually to Illinois. … Read more

Fishing Creek, Battle, 1780, Overview

Battle of Fishing Creek, 1780, Historic Marker, HMDB

Battle of Fishing Creek Facts Key Moments Battle of Fishing Creek Significance The Battle of Fishing Creek was significant because it temporarily ended Thomas Sumter’s raids on British outposts in South Carolina. The British victory also boosted the reputation of Banastre Tarleton and his British Legion. Despite the loss, Sumter regrouped and later resumed his … Read more

Carey’s Fort, Battle, 1780, Overview

Thomas Taylor, South Carolina, American Revolution, Portrait

Battle of Carey’s Fort Facts Key Moments Battle of Carey’s Fort Significance The Battle of Carey’s Fort was significant because Thomas Sumter’s forces won a decisive victory and captured a significant amount of supplies. However, the victory was short-lived because Horatio Gates and his army were decimated at the Battle of Camden the next day. … Read more

Hanging Rock, Battle, 1780, Overview

Battle of Hanging Rock, 1780, American Assault

Battle of Hanging Rock Facts Key Moments Battle of Hanging Rock Significance The Battle of Hanging Rock was significant because it was Thomas Sumter’s first victory in his campaign to disrupt the British communication and supply lines in South Carolina. Sumter followed Hanging Rock by capturing Carey’s Fort on August 15. However, American forces were … Read more